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...n them it is their ability to suppress the negative parts of the soul that measures superiority. The producing class is unable to move past the appetitive part of the soul making them too interested fulfilling personal wants to rule in the interest of the good. The auxleres are stuck in the spirited part, able to see the truth outside of the cave but unwilling to leave the comfortable environment of the cave. They crave easy honor and are not suited to rule a just city as honor so often gets in the way. The guardians will be trained to be philosopher kings; they are able to suppress the desires of the lower parts of the soul to achieve rationality and reason. Philosophers have a natural lust towards truth and knowledge and are unchanged by personal desires. Since rationality is equated with justice philosophers are the obvious choice to preside over the just state.
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