Essay on Reproductive Techniques: In Vitro Fertilization

Essay on Reproductive Techniques: In Vitro Fertilization

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Reproduction is a fundamental right given to everybody. Unfortunately, there are some of us no reproductive capabilities. In today’s world advances in reproductive techniques such as invitro fertilization, egg or sperm donation and gestational surrogacy have sparked new interests to women who do not have the ability to reproduce on their own. Legal, moral and ethical issues have been raised about these advanced methods of reprodution used to substitute natural conception and birth. These advanced techniques raise issues concerning the rights and parenthood. What does occur in the process of sperm donation? What happens when a surrogate mother refuses to give the child? What are the motives of the surrogate mother and why seeking parents don’t rely on adoption to help children who are already born? In this research paper I will try to analyze the legal, social and ethical aspects of surrogacy controversy.
Technically speaking, technological advances such as in vitro fertilization, gamete intra-fallopian transfer, egg retrieval, and specifically gestational surrogacy, in which the contracting couple's egg and sperm are united in-vitro and implanted into the surrogate's womb, have now made it possible for two different women to make a biological contribution to the creation of a new life. Also called “contract pregnancy,” in part, so we do not raise the question about who is the child’s real mother, but also to refer to the non-nuclear nature of the arrangement of the family. That is, this is a type of parenting which allows a couple to have a child by involving a third party who serves as birth mother, regardless if there is money involved or not.
Firstly, I want to talk about cons of surrogate parenthood. Surrogacy offers alterna...

... middle of paper ...

...hose this one, because I wasn’t familiar with the topic at all. Doing some research, reading on the topic I have developed my own point of view. With all the acknowledgement to the idea of nuclear parenthood and to the desire of parents to have their very own child, surrogacy is not the solution. At least for our generation. Advance in modern technologies can do some incredible things, but that doesn’t mean that we can abuse it. I learned that surrogate mother wants to help, regardless of money invovlved, but she is not insured from attaching to the baby emotionally and physically. I also learned that our society is not ready to accept the idea of surrogacy whether it be religious, ethical or any other reason. On the paragraph above I expressed my idea about the adoption vs. surrogacy and I want to say that, in my opinion it might be a real solution for parents.

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