This paper will attempt to accomplish three tasks, 1) engaging in a brief overview on Representative Bureaucracy and discussion of the theory both in the passive representation and the active representation; 2) examines principal-agent theory that contributes to the understanding in representative bureaucracy in different views, and 3) explore diverse public values in representative bureaucracy such as democracy, responsiveness and equity, to establish an understanding of how representative bureaucracy approached the significant theoretical as well as practical matters in public administration. Representative Bureaucracy can be applied to strengthen the representativeness and responsiveness in practical decision-making environment by representing minorities’ interests.
The question of the proper role of performance management is a central topic that the number of scholars has conducted in the United States of America has consumed much time and effort among as well as other democratic countries in the world. Today, most developed countries have a performance management system to offer the effective public service and to enhance the efficiency of the government functions. Since the late 1970s due to the recession and the sharp reduction in government revenue in the context of global economic crisis resulted in the increased the interest of efficiency and...
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...n theory that decisions are bounded by patterns or biases in individual information processing. Rationality is a central concept in decision theory, and the variation of it has introduced a different form from pure rationality that both forms of the decision logic describing limited rationality. It is worthwhile to consider irrationality in the decision. Beyond the foundation of rational choice theory, contemporary decision-making research has evolved into the focus on irrationality.
Note that the consilience requires outstanding experts where even uncommon in the physical sciences. Interestingly, the social scientists ' research differs from each other in terms of the fact that anything to do with the human species has little consistency. This is the same manner that people might share common senses; however, every individual is unique and different from each other.
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- 1. Introduction This report is focused on the investigation of Max Weber’s (1978) bureaucracy. Max Weber, one of the major individuals in the world of management thinking, was born in 1864 in Prussia (Weber, 1978). He is mostly famous for his sociological and economic studies, in which the researcher tries to understand the Western world and the unique way of its development (Weber, 2009). Weber’s studies and works have produced a significant impact on sociology and economics. It was Max Weber who studied the flow of information within an organisation and formulated the main principles of bureaucracy (Houghton, 2010).... [tags: investigation analysis, sociology]
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- Beauracracy There are many alternatives that are used to motivate workers beyond the conventional bureaucratic ways that was once thought of as the only way to control workers. Since the 1960's we have learned a great deal of information leading to the discovery of alternatives to bureaucratic organizations. Today, bureaucratic ideas are still widely used among organizations, however a shift in thinking occurred and the question was asked, What are the alternatives if bureaucracy it not working in an organization.... [tags: GCSE Business Marketing Coursework]
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