Essay about Representation, Transparency, Inclusion and Responsibility

Essay about Representation, Transparency, Inclusion and Responsibility

Length: 600 words (1.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Question 1: What features of consultation instruments make them likely to carry stakeholder legitimacy?

The consultation regime in a democratic state should reflect the traditional democratic values - representation, transparency, inclusion and responsibility (Kohler-Koch and Quittkat 2013). Since consultation instruments are developed by the state for the public, it is then crucial to ensure they are available and accessible to a variety of stakeholders, interested public, organisations and experts. In other words, the process should be open and equal for all to ensure it is legitimate itself.

This process is happening through consultation instruments involving dialogue and exchange between policy-makers and those affected by the policy. To ensure dialogue with such ‘interest groups’ to be seen as legitimate, it should be transparent, provides equality of access to information, and to respond to government consultations.

For an example, European Commission (EC) is aimed at legitimising the European Union's policies by inclusion of civil society, which should be represented as broadly as possible in EC's consultations (e.g. through Transparency Register following so-called 'transparency for legitimacy’ pathway (Greenwood 2013 p.139). EC also supports the participation of individual citizens in the policy-making process through citizen’s conferences, deliberative polling and the online consultations (Boucher 2009; Fischer-Hotzel 2010; Olsen and Trenz 2013 cited in Kohler-Koch and Quittkat 2013 ).

Stakeholder legitimacy of public policy both output and input is then based on opportunities to participation. Only when stakeholders believe that their voices are heard and taken on board, and witness the policy-making p...


... middle of paper ...


...sitive effect on political systems, and the behavious of those within them. Greenwood and Thomas (1998) agree that lobby regulation will not likely restructure representation of interest groups, however it may under certain circumstances advance democratic values where the system is not developed enough.

Murphy and Chari findings (1996) demonstrate that the stronger the regulation is the more effective the lobbying system operates. However, they claim that legislative loopholes are unavoidable across all systems in all regulatory frameworks.

In conclusion, the crucial point is to have lobbying system as transparent as possible to benefit all lobbying actors. Thus, regulation instruments should give all stakeholders confidence in the system and in that context it must be kept simple initially and not overburden lobbyists in the first place with legislation.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How Managers Can Promote Diversity And Inclusion Essay

- 5 Ways Managers Can Promote Diversity and Inclusion in the Workplace Today, competent administrators show sensitivity to individual needs by encouraging upward mobility among all staff members. These forward-thinking leaders understand how important it is to treat all people fairly and equally and consider the dynamic forces that exist among employees. Sincerity in these matters is important, because a manager’s actions far outweigh their statements. Therefore, workplace leaders must learn to pinpoint and cultivate each employee’s special skills and promote upward or lateral mobility by providing training for the entire talent pool....   [tags: Corporation, Business, Inclusion, Employment]

Good Essays
774 words (2.2 pages)

The Full Inclusion Classroom Essay

- Definition of Trend/Issue Inclusion is the combining both general education classrooms and special education classrooms into one. Full inclusion combines everyone regardless of the severity of his/her disability; whereas partial inclusion leaves those with severe and profound disabilities and/or intellectual disabilities in self-contained special education classrooms. In an inclusive classroom setting, special services are brought into the classroom instead of students being pulled out of the classroom for those special services (Henson, 2006, p.366)....   [tags: Inclusion of Students with Learning Disabilities]

Good Essays
961 words (2.7 pages)

Multinational Enterprises : Global Pressure For Greater Transparency And Disclosure

- Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) are facing global pressure for greater transparency and disclosure. With growing importance of capital markets, global trade and investment, there is an increase demand for more disclosure from MNEs. With that said, Multinationals Enterprises are motivated to engage in increased transparency of financial reporting and disclosures because they want to inform and influence investors in increasingly globalized capital markets and it can also reduce the cost of capital provided that transparency reduces information risk....   [tags: Corporate social responsibility]

Good Essays
880 words (2.5 pages)

Inclusion in Indian Consulting Firms Essay

- This paper explores the prevalent practices for inclusion in the services industry, with special reference to consulting firms. It mentions some of the policies being followed in the industry to make the work place an egalitarian one with people exhibiting mutual respect for each other. There are various facets of inclusion which through relevant HR policies, can make day to day work at the organization more balanced and conducive for efficiency. Be it the work life balance, transparency in promotion and bonuses, facilities that the administration provides, the approachability of senior members in the organization or retention of the talent in the firm; the aspects are countless....   [tags: services industry, inclusion, hr policies]

Good Essays
1330 words (3.8 pages)

Inclusion of Students with Disabilities Essay examples

- Schools in today’s society are rapidly changing and growing striving to implement the best practices in their schools. Nonetheless, before a school can implement a program in their school, they need reliable evidence that the new program will work. A new program that schools are aiming to implement is inclusion in the classroom because of the benefits inclusion could bring. The implementation of inclusion is strongly connected by people’s attitudes whether they are positive or negative. However, while inclusion is being widely implemented, there is comparatively little data on its effectiveness....   [tags: Inclusion in Schools]

Good Essays
2994 words (8.6 pages)

Essay on Inclusion of Students

- The data presented in this study show that students with disabilities are making academic achievements in the inclusion classroom. This study also suggests that the negative social interactions between the general education students and special education students are minimal, and does not have a significant effect on the academic achievements of the target population. Findings in the literature review by Salend and Garrick (1999) concluded students with disabilities gain academic achievements in the inclusion classroom....   [tags: Special Education, inclusion classroom]

Good Essays
745 words (2.1 pages)

Corporate Social Responsibility Essays

- What would an even more complete CSR engagement look like. In recent years, many corporations in the US and in Europe has made efforts to include Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as part of their decision making process. In Europe, the European Commission, a political body has been a leading advocate for CSR and has set the widely accepted definition of CSR (Aßländer, 2011). The European Commission view CSR as companies not just fulfilling the legal compliance and regulations, but advancing human capital, the environment and the relations with all stakeholders....   [tags: european commission, co-responsibility]

Good Essays
922 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Inclusion in the Classroom

- Inclusion in the Classroom Inclusion is one of the very controversial topics concerning the education of students in today's society. It is the effort to put children with disabilities into the general education classes. The main purpose is to ensure that every child receives the best education possible by placing them in the best learning environment possible. Inclusion is a very beneficial idea, supported by law that promotes a well-rounded education while also teaching acceptance of others....   [tags: Inclusion Classroom Education Learning Essays]

Good Essays
2430 words (6.9 pages)

Inclusion Essay

- Although no consensus exists about the definition of inclusion, it can usually be agreed upon that inclusion is a movement to merge regular and special education so that all students can be educated together in a general education classroom. Because of the lack of consensus, inclusion is a hotly debated topic in education today. Mainstreaming and Inclusion are used interchangably for many people. This is where the confusion may lie. For the purpose of this paper I will be using the term inclusion....   [tags: essays research papers]

Good Essays
1632 words (4.7 pages)

Inclusion Essay

- Inclusion in Class Inclusion “mainstreams” physically, mentally, and multiply disabled children into regular classrooms. Back in the sixties and the seventies, disabled children were excluded all together from regular classrooms. Currently, the federal inclusion law, I.D.E.A. (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), addresses children whose handicaps range from autistic and very severe to mild (I.D.E.A. Law Page). From state to state the laws of inclusion vary. The laws may permit the special needs children to be in regular classrooms all day and for all subjects or for just one or two subjects (Vann 31)....   [tags: essays research papers]

Good Essays
1185 words (3.4 pages)