One type of bacteria that can be manipulated in order to produce products that can be converted into biofuels are cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria are able to photosynthesize; if their photosynthetic and sugar storage pathways are manipulated, they should be able to efficiently produce organic acids in significant quantities. The problem of finding an efficient way to produce renewable energy sources and the problem of reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can be addressed by using photosynthetic bacteria to produce biofuels.
Another method of biofuel production is through the dissociation of the high energy molecule li...
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...sly been shown that the mutants have decreased photosynthetic ability compared to wild type cyanobacteria. Increasing the photosynthetic efficiency can combat this problem and possibly even allow the mutant cyanobacteria to photosynthesize more efficiently than the wild type. Since the method of introducing a PSII antenna to photosynthesizing bacteria has been shown to improve photosynthetic efficiency, we can assume that a larger production of organic acids and pyruvate, compared to the control group, suggests that there was an increase in photosynthetic efficiency. If the change between the experimental ΔglgC cyanobacteria and the control ΔglgC cyanobacteria is not significantly different, it can be assumed there was a small impact on the photosynthetic efficiency since this mutant, ΔglgC cyanobacteria, has previously been shown to have decreased photosynthesis.
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