Essay about The Renaissance And Baroque Movements

Essay about The Renaissance And Baroque Movements

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The culture and principles of historical movements are often reflected in the art of the time. Two prominent periods in history that exemplify this are the Renaissance and Baroque movements. The renaissance exhibited the flourishing awareness of the natural world and individuality of the time, while the Baroque focused on emotion, a strong use of colors, and the extreme contrast between light and dark shadows. The works created during these times, more particularly the paintings, were very different to each other yet, they do share certain key qualities: both use religious figures as their subjects. Although the Renaissance and Baroque art movements differ in the time period, technique and the way they manipulated light in their paintings, they do share similarities in subject matter
The word Renaissance originates from the French language, meaning revival or “rebirth”. Although the movement started in Italy in the 1300s, it later extended to the rest of Europe in in 1500s. The period of Renaissance is deemed as the time in European history when there was essentially a “new life to man”. Resurrected with new understanding of the human existence, individuals based on fundaments of the classical Greek era and followed the philosophies of Aristotelianism and humanism. Aristotelianism is the theory based on the teachings of philosopher and scientist Aristotle. Renaissance humanism, according to Fred Edwords, is “the spirit of learning that developed at the end of the middle ages with the revival of classical letters and a renewed confidence in the ability of human beings to determine for themselves truth and falsehood”. From the 3rd to the 13th centuries religion and the Church possessed, if not all but, most of society’s power and ...


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...ring of Christ during his life. To portray intense emotion in their art, artists used multiple techniques in their work.
Light became a very important subject matter in baroque art. Using chiaroscuro was a popular method Baroque painters used to portray drama and mystery in their paintings. This method is the dramatic contrasts between light and dark shadow who was constantly used by Caravaggio, as seen in his painting The Incredulity of Saint Thomas (figure 5). The wide use of dark shadow, the subjects in the paintings tend to blend together in the dark. However, light was used to highlight key figures, adding to the ambiguity of the scene.
Now that the differences of the use of light, time period, perception, artists, and development of the movement two periods were addressed, it is important to explore what concepts the Renaissance and Baroque eras actually share.

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