Removal of The Colora River Bank Essay

Removal of The Colora River Bank Essay

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The function of riparian zone vegetation and river banks in South Africa, are under constant threat of anthropogenic activities such as mining and agricultural practices along riverine areas. The degradation of such vegetation and the collapse or removal of river banks has a profound wide spread and long term effect on the riverine environment (Zainudin et al. 2013). Initiatives such as Working for Water (WfW) has taken up the challenge to actively restore degraded and disturbed riverine environments in order to restore the quality and availability of water in South African catchment areas (Palmer et al. 2005; Holmes et al. 2008).
Conservation and restoration of riparian and river bank environments and ecosystems has become a hot topic worldwide since the 1990’s. Ever since the realization of the importance of conserving and restoring such environments, a significant spike in the U.S. Southwest have also lead to active implementation of riverine restorative initiatives (Follstad Shah et al. 2007). The Environmental Quality Act 1974 and The National Forestry Act 1984 have also been implemented with a fair amount of seriousness in Malaysia where, in significant cases, perpetrators are penalised with one year of jail time to account for their acts towards the environment (Zainudin et al. 2013).
Within the mining industry, a certain amount of concern has been invoked by the landowners abutting mining initiatives. These concerns largely regard the mismanagement of follow-up site inspections by the Department of Environmental Affairs and Resources. Without the necessary and consistent regulation and inspection of the applicable state departments, mining licence holders seizes the opportunity to generate greater income. This however ...


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...hicket, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Proceedings of the VIIIth International Rangelands Congress, Durban.
Spanswick, S. And Roth, G. Unpublished. River Bank Rehabilitation a Case Study “Kilmarnock”: Information Sheet. Cotton Catchment Communities CRC,
Vlok, J. H. J., Euston-Brown, D. I. W. and Cowling, R. M. 2003. Acocks’ Valley Bushveld 50 years on: New perspectives on the delimitation, characterization and origin of thicket vegetation. South African Journal of Botany 69: 27-51.
Weatherall-Thomas, C. R. 2005. Secondary succession of Thicket at a limestone quarry in the Gamtoos River Valley, South Africa. B.Sc (Hons.) Project, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, 71pp.

Zainudin, Z., Ansari, A. H. and Baharudin, H. 2013. Riparian Zone Management and Rehabilitation in Malaysia through Restorative Justice. Advances in Environmental Biology 7(11): 3264-3270.

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