Religion Vs. The Market Society

Religion Vs. The Market Society

Length: 1147 words (3.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Alexis de Tocqueville once said "I know of no country in which there is so little independence of mind and real freedom of discussion as in America." Early British America was the new world, free of religious persecution and economic pain. All the clearly visible motives to move to America: freedom from religious persecution and the pressure of one church in England was too much for the early colonists to handle. They needed a permanent holiday from England. Like a driving force, religion became the motivation the settlers needed to cross the voyage across the Atlantic. With Bibles at hand, and Jesus inside them, hundreds made the journey. Settlements had not even begun yet, markets were not established, but religion was everlasting. Religious beliefs, although different between the Puritans and Quakers, were the only ingredients necessary to institute happiness and well being in the colonies.
Mid-eighteenth century lifestyle brought with it expansion of the colonies, and the First Great Awakening. Known by historians as the Great Awakening, this period consists of a heightened amount of religious activity. The traditional forms of preaching and listening became passé. Religious revivals spread throughout the country as the political tenets of individuals were being influenced by religion. New England was hit by this “awakening” the hardest. Preachers such as Jonathan Edwards, Gilbert Tennent, and George Whitefield left the largest marks. Edwards in Northampton, England brought the Great Awakening to New England where Whitefield was touring. From the years 1739-1741 Whitefield travelled, east, west, north and south preaching from Georgia to New England cities. Whitefield was a member of the Calvinistic Methodist Church and his journal is a key first-hand account of his travels. Whitefield spoke from balconies and rooftops assembling hundreds of individuals. Whitefield writes, “...every time, both the power of the word and numbers increased. I believe on Sunday evening there might be more than three thousand people. Hundreds prayed for me when I took my leave, and many of the papists said ‘if I would stay, they would leave their priests.’” (Whitefield 1740, p 38)
Citizens flocked to hear him speak. Many came to his sermons light-minded and indifferent and left with a sense of religion. A large portion of the populace could understand God and Jesus Christ. You may not have learned how to read or write, but as a child you were taught the stories of the Bible, and the stories of Jesus Christ.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Religion Vs. The Market Society." 123HelpMe.com. 17 Feb 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=157589>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

One True Religion: A Flawed Concept Essays

- For me it would be easy to create an angry indictment of organized religion. Evidence of religious strife and abuse exist in almost every society throughout history. Modern examples include the pedophile priest scandal, the endless line of Islamists ready to blow themselves up in the market place, the machete wielding Nigerian who hacks up his neighbors, the junta beating monks in Myanmar, the countries which have or want nuclear weapons and are ready to use them against religions enemies. The list goes on and on....   [tags: Religion]

Research Papers
1038 words (3 pages)

Religion in Singapore Essay

- INTRODUCTION The major religions of the world are no longer distant from us. They are now closer to us than we can conceive; our neighbors, schools, offices and market places. These beliefs and faiths are much a part of our everyday lives, which make it important for us to have a clear view of our history, teaching, customs and traditions, so we can better relate to people who profess them. In this research paper, I endeavor to make a small, but intensive contribution and bring to light religious history on Singapore....   [tags: Religion, Asian History]

Research Papers
1844 words (5.3 pages)

The Free Exercise Of Religion Essay

- The First Amendment to the Constitution prevents the government from impeding the free exercise of religion, disavowing intervention when a religion disagrees with the policies of government. This fundamental liberty has recently come under attack in response to the Supreme Court ruling on same-sex marriage in June, 2015. In response, individual states and the federal government have passed religious freedom laws protecting religious liberty for business owners. The free exercise of religion is a fundamental liberty that should not be abridged by government, and the implementation of religious freedom statutes is necessary to protect the values of the First Amendment....   [tags: Separation of church and state, Religion]

Research Papers
728 words (2.1 pages)

Religion Is An Important Part Of American Values Essay

- Religion has always been tightly intertwined with American history ever since the Europeans came to colonize America so that they could escape the religious oppression of the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England. Religion is an important part of American politics because religion has a long history of being a core American value. Religion can be seen through the actions of politicians such as the President who always asks God to bless America in speeches, the pledge of allegiance in schools, the sending of prayers to victims of disasters, and the commending of religious values....   [tags: Religion, Morality, Faith, Goods]

Research Papers
747 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Religion : The Center Of Civilization And Society 's Religion

- Religion has been the center of civilization and society’s. Religion is so vital to the growth of a society because it is a form a social construct. Some societies center their values, morals and beliefs based on religion. Once these qualities have been established in a community, people abided by the rules of the religion and develop practices that aligns with the religion. This has been true for many religions such as Buddhism, Islam and Christianity. In the novel Things Fall Apart, their religion is Igbo which is essential to their entire existence....   [tags: Igbo people, Things Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe]

Research Papers
1619 words (4.6 pages)

The Market Revolution By Joseph Smith Essay

- The Market Revolution took place between 1800-1840. It was described as a time when new forms of transportation connected different parts of the country resulting in an expansion of the marketplace. Although becoming connected mainly defined this time period, it also represented a great amount of people becoming disconnected. People began to disconnect themselves religiously, socially, and individually. It seemed that during this time period, people became more independent from the “norm.” Around this time, religion played a large role in the communities of the United States....   [tags: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walden]

Research Papers
956 words (2.7 pages)

Essay about The Goal of Functionalism in Religion

- ... Karl Marx’s theory on religion is superior to Freud’s and Durkheim’s as his functionalism explanation that religion is the opium of the people can be backed from evidence from history but also present day. When he makes his opium reference, he is referring to the drug not in a hardcore or scary manner, but as an escape from the realities of a harsh world. Marx sums of this claim with, “Religion is only the illusory sun which revolves round man as long as he does not revolve round himself.” (146) Many people, especially those in the working class, often have terrible lives due to poverty or being in a terrible situation within an environment....   [tags: society, economics, socialogy]

Research Papers
1749 words (5 pages)

The Effects of the Market Revolution oin American Society Essay examples

- The Market Revolution transformed various aspects of American society because of the development of new inventions, ideologies, and lifestyles. From 1790 to 1840, the improvement of national transportation methods, the commercialization of the American market system, and the beginning of industrialization fostered the Market Revolution and affected the country economically, socially, and even religiously. The Industrial Revolution occurred in Western European countries such as France, England and Germany beginning in 1760 and completely altered the European market, workplace, and society by the time the inventions and technological ideas diffused into the United States....   [tags: labor, transportation, family life, new values]

Research Papers
3121 words (8.9 pages)

Themes Presented in Goblin Market by Christina Rossetti Essay

- Themes Presented in Goblin Market by Christina Rossetti Christina Rossetti's used her poetry to express herself; her work exhibits many autobiographical elements and from it the reader can discern Rossetti's emotions, beliefs and her comments on the society she lived in. As a female poet it would have been improper for Rossetti to deal directly with these issues though and so her ideas are masked through appearing to be children's poetry and having simple meanings. 'Goblin Market' superficially appears to a moral story about two sisters one of whom gives way to the temptation of the goblins forbidden fruits but through her poetic techniques Rossetti manages to embody her fears and desires....   [tags: Goblin Market Christina Rossetti Essays]

Research Papers
1177 words (3.4 pages)

Essay about The Market System of Economics

- "Land, labor, and capital are the essential components of a market system" (Heilbroner 33). Due to the fact that these major components were nonexistent, the market system at one time did not exist. The catalyst for the market system was the idea of gain, "which is a relatively modern idea" (H 24). There were many factors of society that prevented the market system and the idea of gain from entering. Tradition (rooted in religion) was the main factor that prolonged the nonexistence of the market system....   [tags: Employment, Informative]

Free Essays
325 words (0.9 pages)

Reading and writing was prejudiced to the elite and aristocrats of society. Their lifestyle required gaining of knowledge and information in their daily lives. “Reading and literacy were not universal. Men in the north were the most likely to be able to read as well as a small number of women in the north. Southerners were not as likely.” (Murphy 2008, Lecture)
A good friend of Whitefield and publisher of his sermons, Benjamin Franklin was another icon of life during the late 18th century. Regarded by historians and textbooks as one of the leading founding fathers, Franklin was himself a part of this religion revival. Although he didn’t share Whitefield’s beliefs, he says in his autobiography “I had been religiously educated as a Presbyterian; and tho' some of the dogmas of that persuasion, such as the eternal decrees of God, election, reprobation, etc., appeared to me unintelligible, others doubtful, and I early absented myself from the public assemblies of the sect… I never was without some religious principles. I never doubted, for instance, the existence of the Deity; that He made the world, and governed it by His providence; that the most acceptable service of God was the doing good to man; that our souls are immortal; and that all crime will be punished, and virtue rewarded, either here or hereafter. These I esteemed the essentials of every religion; and, being to be found in all the religions we had in our country, I respected them all, tho' with different degrees of respect…” (Franklin 1791, 37)
This religious revolution was the powerful force during the eighteenth century. With such a commanding and authoritative backing, it was no surprise that personal and political problems of society were solved with religion. The market was a new and upcoming evolution of society. Very different from the social world the Puritans had come to know and live in, people were beginning to “invent oneself.” (Murphy 2008, Lecture) In Olaudah Equiano’s The Interesting Narratives and Other Writings, Equiano uses religious as a rhetorical disguise. Appealing to readers and philosophers at the time, religious would draw in publicity and would get the book known. Equiano also uses religion as a ploy to instrument the beginning of abolitionist thinking and behavior. “In short, the fair as well as black people immediately styled me by a new appellation, to me the most desirable in the world, which was freeman, and at the dances I gave, my Georgia superfine blue clothes made no indifferent appearance.... Some of the sable females, who formerly stood aloof, now began to relax, and appear less coy, but my heart was still fixed on London, where I hoped to be erelong.” (Equiano 1789, 138)
At the same time, Equiano knew that writing books in the 18th century was not a profitable ploy. It seems that throughout his book he used religion and humility to his advantage to gain the wider audience, and possibly recoup his initial investment. His main audience seems to be the Parliament, who he was trying to shock and awe. His goal was to abolish slavery, and possibly his narrative was the route. Again religion seems to play a key role. The outcome of the Great Awakening was to lead people to “experience God in their own way.” Every person was half angel and half devil. This public form of atonement was their only form of salvation. Reverend George Whitefield, Olaudah Equiano, and Benjamin Franklin understood this and knew that this fact had to be widespread. By using another Enlightenment effect, mass media, they could publish their work and use it to as a unifying force.
Religion was more than a powerful force during the eighteenth century. It was the only force. Regardless of economic, political, or social discomfort, Americans had come to this country to be released from such trivial pains. If Jesus had led them to this country, then he could lead them out of any uneasiness or distress. The more religion strengthened in the states, the more the market weakened. Because of the diversity of religions, it became harder for people of different beliefs to come together. This caused battles and debates between people of the south and those of the north. Without a steady group of people to trade and market with, the market society weakened. Like Whitefield said, “For in Jesus Christ there is neither male nor female, bond nor free; even you may be the children of God, if you believe in Jesus.”
Return to 123HelpMe.com