Increased emigration from the far reaches of the world had flooded the Greek world with new peoples. These new people brought with them new ideas, new arts, new languages, and the intellectual world flourished. At the same time, the cohesion of the simple city-state system was dissolving as more and more polis ' came together under larger federations or...
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...itically dynamic world of Hellas, the population of the center of Western life found itself in need of a new faith. Excessive cultural diversity and the dissolution of the small city-state political structure gave rise to a lack of social community. Seeking the reestablishment of the traditional sense of unity, the different cultures fused their religions in syncretism, generating new religions that they could share. The secrecy of these mystery religions allowed for the development of new ideas like the Last Judgment and the holiness of martyrdom, as well as afforded an increased sense of certainty and confidence in life. These new ideas had lasting effects on Judaism and aided in the generation of three new sects, the law-bound Sadducees, the ritualistic Pharisees, and the mystical Essenes. Religion therefore played a fundamental role in the Hellenistic world.
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