Relativism isn't inherently focused on consequences. It is a theory that stems from the fact of vast variation in ethical views that are found across humanity (Wong 1993: 443), which proponents of the theory have seen this fact as a source of strength for relativism. Furthermore, it has been claimed that from this, because different groups hold different moral claims, they should do so, because such divergence shows that there are no universal standards that regulate what is correct (Furrow 2005: 35). For the relativist, moral judgement is to be relegated to within one's own culture. Judgements outside of t...
... middle of paper ...
...nt to those of the prevailing order. In a global world we should strive to develop greater social and ethical cohesion. Relativism is a hindrance to such an endeavour, a limiting theory that places great restraints and boundaries upon judgement, criticism, and interaction, which therefore limits the development of ethics.
Dawkins, R. (2004) A Devil's Chaplain. London: Phoenix.
Furrow, D. (2005) Ethics; Key Concepts in Philosophy. London: Continuum.
Midgley, M. (1993) 'Trying Out One's New Sword', in Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life. Sommers & Sommers (eds.). Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace.
Singer, P. (1993). Practical Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Williams, B. (1976) Morality; an Introduction to Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wong, D. (1993) 'Relativism', in A Companion to Ethics. Singer (ed.). Oxford: Blackwell.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- According to William Penn "Right is right, even if everyone is against it; and wrong is wrong, even if everyone is for it.” The theory of relativism was first thought of by an ancient Greek sophist, Protagoras. He stated that “man is the measure of all things.” Which means man is the ultimate source of value. If we took a look at the world today, we would see that are many other cultures other than our own. With many cultures within the world, everyone is bound to believe that every culture is different.... [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism, Truth]
707 words (2 pages)
- Many seem to have falling prey to the seduction of ethical relativism, because it plays in to their ethnocentric egoistic moral belief. Individuals such as Pojman are able to critically evaluate this moral principle and not fall victim like his or hers lay counter parts. We will attempt to analyze the theory of ethical relativism, by check the validity of this ethical theory, and evaluate its ethical concepts. With these procedures we will find if it is competent as an ethical principle to adhere by.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Moral relativism, Relativism]
1071 words (3.1 pages)
- The debate between moral relativists and moral cognitivists is centered around the question of whether there exists a metric by which actions and intentions can be judged. To avoid any confusion and prevent the opportunity for any strawman attacks, morality will be considered in a broad sense as the distinction between what a person ought to do and ought not do. Also, moral relativism will be defined as holding the belief that moral actions are relative, or subjective, to contextual circumstance and that there exists no metric by which actions and intentions can thereby be globally judged.... [tags: Morality, Moral relativism, Relativism, Culture]
1028 words (2.9 pages)
- Many seem to have fallen prey to the seduction of ethical relativism, because it plays into their ethnocentric egoistic moral belief. Individuals such as Pojman are able to critically evaluate this moral principle and not fall victim like his or hers lay counterparts. We will attempt to analyze the theory of ethical relativism, by check the validity of this ethical theory, and evaluate its ethical concepts. With these procedures we will find if it is competent as an ethical principle to adhere by.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Moral relativism]
1436 words (4.1 pages)
- Weigh Prinz’s argument for moral relativism against the anti-relativist arguments put by James Rachel in “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism.” Explain both philosophers cases. Which argument is stronger in your view and why. Defend your answer. From a young age, people question whether they are morally right about things all around them. Have our morals been taught to us from a young age. Do they truly exist are are they a norm imposed to people by society. Does morality really exist or is it just a creation of our imagination.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Cultural relativism]
1470 words (4.2 pages)
- Cultural and ethical relativism can often be thought to share the exact same beliefs and be one and the same, but they actually have differences. As taught in lecture, Cultural relativism is when people try and understand and become involved with other cultures that are not their own and do not use their own cultures as the norm. People are free to still have their own opinions that come from their own culture, but they attempt to better relate to those of other cultures and figure out the “why” behind the rituals, beliefs, and values of others.... [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Culture, Ethics]
994 words (2.8 pages)
- Which is which. In the attempt to explain morality, two prominent theories exist- moral relativism and moral objectivism. Morality in a sense is difficult to explain, both theories attempt to shed a bit of light in way to break down its complexity. Moral Relativism argues in the view that morality exists only due to the fact that it is relative, or in respect to, cultural or individual beliefs. In a sense, it is up to the people to determine what is right and wrong. On the other hand, moral objectivism views that morality is not parallel, or relative, to one 's beliefs.... [tags: Morality, Human, Ethics, Moral relativism]
1394 words (4 pages)
- In “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism," James Rachels criticizes the basis of Cultural Relativism in the form of modus tollens, to deny by denying, arguments to prove that Cultural Relativism is improbable. This paper will argue that Rachels provided sufficient evidence during his criticism of Cultural Relativism. His argument is successful because he provides three logical consequences that would follow if Cultural Relativism were true, he explains the establishment of the existence of an objective standard, and he criticizes the Cultural Differences Argument.... [tags: Morality, Culture, Truth, Cultural relativism]
1528 words (4.4 pages)
- Short Essay 1 The dynamic and complex nature of the world is, in part, owed to the plethora of diverse cultures and societies throughout the span of humanity. Cultural Relativism, is a concept that admonishes judgement against these cultures from an outside perspective, and requires that a society’s traditions, beliefs, and practices be viewed within cultural context. While Cultural Relativism is a core concept rooted within anthropology, there is recent opposition against the concept regarding controversial practices or rites of passages such as female genital mutilation.... [tags: Anthropology, Cultural relativism, Culture]
836 words (2.4 pages)
- Cainglet, Katrina Recent Ethical Theory Merriam, Garrett An Analysis on Rachels’, “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism.” The practices of many cultures are varied from one another, considering we live in a diverse environment. For example, some cultures may be viewed as similar in comparison while others may have significant differences. The concept of Cultural Relativism can be best viewed as our ideas, morals, and decisions being dependent on the individual itself and how we have been culturally influenced.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Culture, Cultural relativism]
1459 words (4.2 pages)