Relationship Between God And Greek Gods Essay

Relationship Between God And Greek Gods Essay

Length: 1652 words (4.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Upon initial examination, the relationship between human beings and the divine in the Bible and the Iliad is one that is complex and consequential. However, while the importance of the relationship between a human being and the divine is demonstrated in both the Iliad and the Bible, the relationship between God and human is viewed very differently. On the surface, the Hebrew God and the Greek gods have the same purpose, to reign above the mortal realm. Yet, the way in which these Gods communicate and interact with mortals is not alike at all. Further, while both the Hebrew God and Greek gods are represented as powerful and influential in their relationships with humans, the Hebrew God is seen as righteous, moral and ethical, whereas the moral fiber of the Greek gods is far less than perfect. Personally, I prefer the relationship built on respect between the Hebrew God and His people to the unstable one between the Olympians and their mortals that is founded on immaturity and pettiness.
To explore the difference in the relationship between humans and the divine in the Bible and in the Iliad, one can look at the intention behind the divine’s interactions with mortals. Both the Bible and the Iliad tell us that the divine expects human beings to make sacrifices in their name. Whether it is a young lamb for the Hebrew God, or expensive wine for Zeus, both are sacrifices and a demonstration of the divine’s power. However, the reason behind each sacrifice is very different. In the Bible, the Lord expects his followers to make sacrifices to Him out of respect. It is their way to prove their love and devotion to Him. Perhaps the greatest example of this is when God asks Abraham to sacrifice his only son Isaac. God came to Abraham an...

... middle of paper ... qualities and even take the form of mortals to fully immerse themselves in the battle. For instance, at one point Achilles is being beaten down by the River because he did not obey her wishes. However, “Then Poseidon and Athena were with him/ In human form, clasping his hand/ And pledging support”(Iliad, XXI, 295-297). The Greeks gods literally become human, which takes away any notion of them being omnipotent. Because of this, their relationship with human beings is much more ambiguous and there is less of an obvious power imbalance. In fact, as noted earlier, they truly are vulnerable and can be harmed by mere mortals. Although they cannot die from their wounds, the mere fact that a mortal can injure a god is symbolic of their humanlike qualities. The Hebrew God is never truly seen because He does not take the shape of a man, making Him even more mysterious.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Greek Gods And The Gods Essay

- In many ways, Greek gods are very much like human. They exhibit different emotions and act according to their own desires. According to Mike Webster from the Grand Valley State University, Greek gods “act capriciously, frivolously, and even immorally, that they are not particularly heroic, and that they lack the religious seriousness we might expect from a god”. These qualities that the Greek gods possess enable them to develop a deeper connection to the mortal world that gods from other religions usually do not and for the Greeks to relate to their gods more personally....   [tags: Greek mythology, Zeus, Oedipus, Oedipus the King]

Better Essays
1154 words (3.3 pages)

The Odyssey : The Hierarchical Relationship Between Both Gods And Humans

- In The Odyssey, the hierarchical relationship between both gods and humans is a key aspect in the overarching unity that is the epic. These can both be in contrast with each other and it can been seen that there are similarities between the types of people we meet in The Odyssey as well as the gods we meet also. Homer uses this theme and system of hierarchy to effectively display aspects of his worlds though The Odyssey. The main features that help prove this point are: that society within The Odyssey is hierarchical, the upper class and the servants (with equivalent gods) are focussed on, (Hierarchy of Greek Gods, 2015) and finally, the gods parallel their respective opposites on earth....   [tags: Trojan War, Odyssey, Greek mythology, Homer]

Better Essays
1175 words (3.4 pages)

Greek Mythology : Greek Gods Essay

- They were the lords of heaven and earth and protectors of seas; the patrons of sexual pleasures, and instigators of war. They were the mighty Greek gods whom Greek mythology teaches had reigned over Mount Olympus, the highest peak in all of Greece. Their names are as familiar today, as they were thousands of years ago. The popular gods were Zeus, Poseidon, Apollo, and Aphrodite. In ancient times, these gods were woven into tales of adventure, heroism, and sexual conquests. Yet, without a permanent home in their own Bible or Koran, one may wonder whether these gods belonged to a lost religion or merely characters written into fables now known as Greek Mythology....   [tags: Greek mythology, Zeus, Demeter, Ancient Rome]

Better Essays
1331 words (3.8 pages)

Greek History : Ancient Gods And Goddesses Essay

- Greek history began around 2000 BCE. The Greeks believed in many gods and goddesses. These gods and goddesses are known as the Olympians. Before the Olympians there were a group of elder gods known as the Titians. The Titians ruled the earth before the Olympians overthrew them. The ruler/king of the Titans was Cronus who was dethroned by his son Zeus. Most of the Titans fought with Cronus against Zeus and were punished by being banished to Tartarus. (Olympians. The Olympians) The Olympians are a group of 12 Greek gods....   [tags: Zeus, Greek mythology, Hera, Twelve Olympians]

Better Essays
1629 words (4.7 pages)

Parent Child Relationship in Greek Mythology Essay

- It is inferred that the parents should take care of their children and have their best interest at heart. This however, is not the case in Greek and Roman mythology. The killing of ones own children, or filicide, was not viewed as negative upon in their era. The contemporary times contrast with the ancient Greek and Roman’s because it was justified to use any means necessary to obtain a higher status. The Greeks and Romans valued keeping a high social reputation and having respect for those of great power....   [tags: Greek Mythology]

Better Essays
1616 words (4.6 pages)

The Relationship between Gods and Mortals in Mythology Essays

- The Relationship between Gods and Mortals in Mythology The relationship between gods and mortals in mythology has long been a complicated topic. The gods can be generous and supportive, and also devastating and destructive to any group of humans. Mortals must respect the powers above them that cannot be controlled. The gods rule over destiny, nature, and justice, and need to be recognized and worshipped for the powerful beings as they are. Regardless of one's actions, intentions, and thoughts, the gods in Greek myth have ultimate power and the final decision of justice over nature, mortals, and even each other....   [tags: Papers Gods Mortals Mythology Essays]

Better Essays
1370 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Ancient Greek Philosophers

- The ancient Greek philosopher Plato once said, “let parents bequeath to their children not riches, but the spirit of reverence” (Think Exist). This importance, for parents to pass down the notion of reverence, can be seen in Book One of Homer’s The Odyssey. Set at the fall of Troy, the reader is introduced to, if but briefly, Odysseus, his son Telemachos and the suitors who are after Penelope’s hand in marriage. Throughout the first book, Homer makes it quite apparent that Telemachos and Odysseus are beyond doubt reverential characters and, therefore, set the foundation for being true heroes....   [tags: Greek, Odyssey, Gods]

Better Essays
2396 words (6.8 pages)

Gods And Humans Relationships : ' Danae And The Shower Of Gold ' Essay

- Gods and Humans Relationships Throughout Greek mythology it is known that some gods have priority over others. The twelve Olympians are among those. The relationship between humans and Greek gods is revealed through several myths. These gods are not only born with special skills and gifts but are also worshiped in several places such as Athens, where Athena is greatly worshiped . Not only do human beings look up to these gods but they respect and aspire to be like them. Even if the gods abuse their authority at times, they are able to show compassion and reasoning towards human beings by providing aid....   [tags: Zeus, Greek mythology, Epic poetry, Religion]

Better Essays
1203 words (3.4 pages)

Comparison of the Gods in Homer’s Epics with the God of the Hebrews Essay examples

- There are many similarities and differences between the Greek gods and the Hebrew God. These similarities and differences are revealed in the character and functionality of the gods. The revelation of similarities and differences can also be seen in man’s relationship to his god or gods. Homer was instrumental in documenting the oral traditions of the Greek gods in his poetry. Moses, the Hebrew leader, is attributed with documenting what he witnessed from God in the Torah. The Greek and Hebrew belief systems were established for the purposes of explaining the world we live in, the phenomenon in nature, and the existence and purpose of man....   [tags: Greek Gods, Hebrew God]

Better Essays
3011 words (8.6 pages)

The Between Greek And Greek Mythology Essay

- Since the beginning of time, women didn’t have as much power as a men. A great example of this is how women are portrayed in Greek and Irish mythology. Looking at the history of Greek mythology, what roles women play, and the differences between Greek and Irish mythology, it is easy to see the difference in how women are treated compared to men. One famous history topic in ancient Greece period is the Trojan War. The poems Iliad and Odyssey go in depth about the events of the Trojan War, the battle that sailed 10,000 ships just for a girl....   [tags: Greek mythology, Trojan War, Zeus, Agamemnon]

Better Essays
1385 words (4 pages)