Within the Hesiod 's works, the Theogony and the Works and Days, he made a clear distinction as to what the Greeks saw as valuable in their world. Specifically speaking about gender roles, the strengths and power of men were represented to have been the dominating and valued greatly. Women on the other hand while were not viewed as highly, but they just as important as men in the society. Distinctly, every time a female immortal appeared, Hesiod gave the traits of fertility and cunning intelligence, and to another extent trickery, to be associated with each immortals. Mortal women were given the same treatment as they were essential to the everyday lives of men.
Dissecting the texts themselves would be especially hard without understanding what the traits meant to the larger context of Hesiod 's society. Fertility was simply a woman’s ability to conceive and raised children. Cunning intelligence can be both a negative and positive trait. On one end, it would be a compliment to the women kind that they were able to outwit even the strongest of men. However, for the Greeks, with cunningness, there would also be trickery approaching around corner, and while not seen as the best trait, it was still associated with the women at the time.
Greek women have been associated with their fertility and trickery for so long that even in the creation myths, the oldest female beings were associated with them as well. First it began with Gaea, the Earth herself, gave birth to the Titans and the monsters, Ouranos began to pushed them back into her. While she did not have the strength to fight back, so she devised a plan to trick him (Line 160- 164). She made sure that their last born, Cronos, was hidden and ...
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...ot see the strengths or abilities which women had, they still have to lived with them. Women themselves tricked their way into the household of men, which began with Pandora, and them made themselves home to the fact that they were needed. Their childbearing ability would made it so that if the men want to keep his fortune within his family, he need to have sons to be able to do so. So despite not being on the same field as men, women were still a crucial part of society and remained in the same way for the duration of the Greek civilization.
While saying women were seen as the greatest trick of all time and only looked as a child bearing machine might not have been great, it does means that they do have a distinct place in society. Whether it was the powerful immortal female beings or a mundane human being, they were defined by their fertility and trickery. Its even
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