This study seeks to find out if a person’s explanatory style, as measured by the attributional complexity and proximal/distal explanatory style scales, will be related to their explanations for poverty. A person having low attributional complexity attributes situations/causations internally (proximal), whilst a person having high attributional complexity attributes externally (distal). Through this correlation, we would like to determine how this relationship will explain poverty.
In order to have a control over our environment, humans firstly needs to understand
and have awareness over their environments. Hence, Martinez, Martinko & Ferris (2012)
proposed theory shows that humans are instinctively motivated to attribute causes to the
events they perceive. Proximal (internal) attribution and distal (external) attribution are part
of our cognitive structure. And it is mentioned in Martinez et al., (2012) that people whom
have more developed cognitive regions, will have a clearer attribution of situations. They
know how to differentiate between self (internal) and non self (external), which also means
that people whom do not have as developed cognitive structures, is less able to make a clearer
attribution as compared to the latter.
A study by Steward et al., (2011) indicated that the attributional complexity of a
person (proximal and distal), has the capacity to surpass well established predictors, and even
achieve significant results. College students, whom have poor performance, were being
helped by undergoing a training, which aims to restructure their attributions of poor
performance. Stewart, et al., (2011) stated that the dimensional propertie...
... middle of paper ...
...4 August 2008).
Choi, I., Koo, M., Jong, A. C. (2007). Individual Differences in Analytic Versus Holistic Thinking. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(5), 691-705.
Haynes Stewart, T. L., Clifton, R. A., Daniels, L. M., Perry, R. P., Chipperfield, J, G., & Ruthig, J. C. (2011). Attributional retraining: reducing the likelihood of failure. Social Psycholy Education, 14, 75-92.
Human Development Report. (2013). UN Human Development Report. Available
Kumar M. (2012). The Poverty in Psychoanalysis: 'Poverty' of Psycholoanalysis?. Psychology and Developing Societies, 24(1), 1-34.
Martinez A. D., Martinko M. J., & Ferris G. R. (2012), Fuzzy Attribution Styles. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 19(1), 17-24.
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