Relation of Explanatory Style as Measured by Attributional Complexity to Poverty

Relation of Explanatory Style as Measured by Attributional Complexity to Poverty

Length: 1109 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

This study seeks to find out if a person’s explanatory style, as measured by the attributional complexity and proximal/distal explanatory style scales, will be related to their explanations for poverty. A person having low attributional complexity attributes situations/causations internally (proximal), whilst a person having high attributional complexity attributes externally (distal). Through this correlation, we would like to determine how this relationship will explain poverty.

In order to have a control over our environment, humans firstly needs to understand

and have awareness over their environments. Hence, Martinez, Martinko & Ferris (2012)

proposed theory shows that humans are instinctively motivated to attribute causes to the

events they perceive. Proximal (internal) attribution and distal (external) attribution are part

of our cognitive structure. And it is mentioned in Martinez et al., (2012) that people whom

have more developed cognitive regions, will have a clearer attribution of situations. They

know how to differentiate between self (internal) and non self (external), which also means

that people whom do not have as developed cognitive structures, is less able to make a clearer

attribution as compared to the latter.

A study by Steward et al., (2011) indicated that the attributional complexity of a

person (proximal and distal), has the capacity to surpass well established predictors, and even

achieve significant results. College students, whom have poor performance, were being

helped by undergoing a training, which aims to restructure their attributions of poor

performance. Stewart, et al., (2011) stated that the dimensional propertie...

... middle of paper ...

...4 August 2008).
Choi, I., Koo, M., Jong, A. C. (2007). Individual Differences in Analytic Versus Holistic Thinking. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(5), 691-705.
Haynes Stewart, T. L., Clifton, R. A., Daniels, L. M., Perry, R. P., Chipperfield, J, G., & Ruthig, J. C. (2011). Attributional retraining: reducing the likelihood of failure. Social Psycholy Education, 14, 75-92.
Human Development Report. (2013). UN Human Development Report. Available



Kumar M. (2012). The Poverty in Psychoanalysis: 'Poverty' of Psycholoanalysis?. Psychology and Developing Societies, 24(1), 1-34.
Martinez A. D., Martinko M. J., & Ferris G. R. (2012), Fuzzy Attribution Styles. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 19(1), 17-24.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Unnecessary Complexity Of Academic Writing Essays

- What do you think of when you think of complex writing. Many people would think of something that they couldn’t read because it was to hard to read. That issue is exactly what is being addressed in the world of academics today. Academics today are writing to a level that is very hard to understand, sometimes even to fellow academics. To the advantage of those who hate reading complex writing, other writers and researchers are starting to speak out on the topic. A newer style of writing is becoming more popular through the controversy....   [tags: Writing, Writing style, Academia]

Better Essays
1301 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Css : A Style Sheet Language

- CSS: Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), is a style sheet language, which is used for describing the presentation of a document that is written in a markup language. CSS is most often used to set the visual styles of web pages and user interfaces that are written in HTML or XHTML (XHTML extends versions of the widely used HTML). CSS can be applied to any XML document, including plain XML, Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) and XML User Interface Language (XUL). CSS is also applicable to rendering in speech, or on other media types....   [tags: HTML, Cascading Style Sheets, Web page]

Better Essays
1111 words (3.2 pages)

The Most Important Element of Style Essay examples

- The Most Important Element of Style I've collected numerous ideas from both Joseph William's book Style Toward Clarity and Grace and William Strunk and E.B. White's The Elements of Style. These books serve as reference guides to writers seeking guidance in improving their writing skills. I feel the text format of any writing is the most important element of style. The text layout in regards to style deals with font, size and contrast. The font makes the text. You are able to change the font to show importance or the use quotes....   [tags: Writing Style Styles Essays]

Free Essays
1127 words (3.2 pages)

Key Elements of Good Writing Style Essay

- Key Elements of Good Writing Style After reading William Strunk Jr. and E.B. White’s The Elements of Style and Joseph M. Williams’ Style: Beyond Clarity and Grace, participating in hours of classroom discussion, and writing five short essays on the topic, I’m struck by the complexity of evaluating “writing style”. But I don’t know why I should be amazed. Borne from the elaborate human thought process, we instinctively dress up our writing in thrift-store duds or Fifth Avenue couture. Writing styles express our individuality; they are our language fingerprints – the writer’s identity is exposed, and no two styles are exactly alike....   [tags: Writing Style Styles Essays]

Free Essays
1182 words (3.4 pages)

On Style Essay

- On Style Style is a very ambiguous word. Asking the question, “What is Style?” is almost a philosophical endeavor, comparable with “What is Truth?” Asking the question, “What is Good Style?” is even harder. Society’s boundaries are constantly shifting to accept or banish items from the definition, in art and writing specifically. Yet there are certain elements that remain constant in all these changes, and these are the elements that style manuals try to pin down. Before the class reading/blogging project began, I thought of style as the method a writer uses to communicate his/her ideas to the reader....   [tags: Style Toward Clarity Elements Writing Essays]

Free Essays
932 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on The Style of Writing

- The Style of Writing According to the Webster’s New World Dictionary, the definition of style is “a characteristic manner of expression”(612). Usually words such as personal, individual, and unique also come to mind when we think of writing style. I have always associated writing style with belonging uniquely to one individual, meaning that everyone had his or her own style. After reading, “Style Toward Clarity and Grace” by Joseph Williams and “The Elements of Style” by William Strunk and E.B....   [tags: Writing Styles Style Essays]

Free Essays
1202 words (3.4 pages)

Essay about Style

- Style After reading Strunk and White’s, The Elements of Style, Williams’, Style: Toward Clarity and Grace, and my peers’ reviews of these two books, I have come up with an all encompassing answer to the question: what is style, and what elements are most important to all writers. The answer is: there is no clear cut definition of style. It is ever changing; and is based on society’s views of what makes good writing, not necessarily the writer’s own thoughts on the matter. Therefore, the writer is better off following the set rules of grammar, punctuation, and sentence structure, determined by society; then adding her own voice....   [tags: Writing Styles Style Paper]

Free Essays
1566 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Insights on Style

- Insights on Style A writer sits down on his hickory brown leather upholstered chair in a lowered den of a cape-cod house in the country. He slips his bifocals up the ridge of his nose and pulls his typewriter with both arms to a comfortable typing distance. He is now ready to write and write with style. He has in mind that his certain eloquence will provide cohesion, concision and elegance that will be clear and concise so the reader will be able to determine exactly the message he is portraying....   [tags: Style Writing Styles Essays]

Free Essays
1166 words (3.3 pages)

Essay Critical Complexity

- Critical Complexity When I heard Mr. Sabol announce the topic for W131’s latest assignment, an exploratory essay, I was furious. Of a world of scintillating and fascinating topics, he picked “writing” as the subject of the class’s papers. Writing, of course, was not my favorite theme; I felt the topic had been so overused over the course of the semester that writing any more about it would be futile and destructive to any shred of creativity the class had left. Furthermore, I had expected to be allowed to explore the topics that interested me the most outside of class[d1] ....   [tags: Writing Personal Narrative Papers]

Free Essays
1794 words (5.1 pages)

Style Essay

- Style I often wonder what style is, and how does a person know when they are in possession of it. Style is one of the many things that seem to change form day to day for me, and I'm never sure where it might lead me. I think we all have our own style, but how can we get away from having the same style that other people have. When I look through magazines, all I read is the same thing over and over, in a little different style, or voice. Then, when I look out the window, I see people dressed in about the same fashions....   [tags: Style Personality Individuality Papers]

Better Essays
1804 words (5.2 pages)