Many factors influence a person’s susceptibility to succumb to peer pressure. A person’s likelihood to be influenced can be affected by their level of self-esteem or their positive/ negative view of themselves. If a person conforms to peer pressure easily and has a low self-esteem level it may be beneficial to attain extra extrinsic support against peer pressure, especially in cases where the peer pressure influences a person negatively. This extrinsic support is reinforcement from an outside source to do or not do something. It is possible that those with high self-esteem are just less likely to be susceptible to peer pressure because they do not care what others think. In contrast lower self-esteem can cause people to devalue their own opinion and it may be associated with a higher rate of conformity.
Problems Caused by Low Self- Esteem Levels
Those with low levels of self-esteem are also known to have other problems in their lives, either in school/work or social situations. A person who has low levels of self-esteem is known to be susceptible to other so called deviant behaviors including poor grades and alcoholism and other substance use. It was found that high levels of self-esteem correlates negatively with the factors listed above, meaning that those ...
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Kosten, P. A., Scheier, L. M., & Grenard, J. L. (2012). Latent class analysis of peer conformity: Who is yielding to pressure and why?, Youth & Society, 45, 565-590. DOI 10.1177/0044118X12454307
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