... middle of paper ...
...ystems ire flexible, in the sense that they need to adopt with audience’s situation (interest, beliefs, political circumstance, etc.).
To conclude, Herman and Chomsky (like Gan) may be considered as structuralist, while Demers and particularly Gitlin are functionalist in treating the relations of media and the media elites and the audience. Each of the authors, however, has provided valuable analysis to understand the limitation and functionality of media. Herman and Chomsky, and Demers, have helped to clarify the level, intensity, or variability of hegemonic power (the elites) behind media content. Meanwhile Gitlin helps to provide comprehensive views about complexity of relationship between media content and its dynamic environment, and come to the conclusion that symbiosis, better yet mutual symbiosis, is the actual forces behind the news system production.
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