Sophocles was a playwright of ancient Greece, he was a master of creating plays that were thought provoking. Causing people of his time to consider issues within their own society. Many of Sophocles plays were performed during a religious festival held in Athens honoring the Greek God Dionysus, called The City Dionysia. For each festival a competition was held where competitors would write plays that were performed throughout the festival. At the conclusion the author of the best play was declared the winner. Sophocles entered this competition many times and was often awarded first prize. One of his most famous plays, that is still performed today is called Antigone. This play raises some questions concerning the importance of several aspects in Greek culture. Such as the importance of obeying the gods, loyalty to ones polis, and loyalty to ones family. Which is most important?
Those watching the play might also ask who is the hero, and who is the villain? In answer some might declare Antigone a hero for the loyalty and de...
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...efuses to give in on account that Antigone is a women. The play might have ended very differently if Antigone would have been a man. Thirdly Sophocles shows the importance of religion. The thing that gets Creon into trouble in the first place is denying his nephew proper burial rights, when that is what the Gods decree should be given to all those that die. Creon shows that he is a very stubborn man. The only thing that sways him is a prophet's promise of terrible retribution if he does not comply with the will of the God's.
In one of the greatest plays in history Sophocles creates a setting that causes his audience to really think about the society they live in. For the most part Sophocles allows the members of the audience to decide who is right or wrong; hero or villain. He does give one stern reminder to his fellow Greeks. Which is to honor and obey the Gods.
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