According to legend, Rome was founded by two brothers raised in a cave by a she-wolf. Later Romulus would kill his brother, Remus, and name his new city after himself. Rome may not have always had a grand destiny, but its location was perfect for an Imperial capitol. Travel by boat was the fastest and safest course, and Rome was in the middle of a peninsula in the middle of “The Sea in the middle of the world”, or the Mediterranean. The Romans were not the only ones to try and claim dominion of this ancient super high-way, they had competition in the form of wealthy Carthaginians to the south-west, and the rich cultures of Greek city-states and colonies to the north-east. “...
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...would spring Romulus who fought his twin to found Rome itself. With the stroke of a pen Virgil had made Augustus not only a decedent of a goddess and Homeric hero, but of the king of all Latins and the very founder of Rome. The destiny of Rome and Caesar were now one, no longer was he a violent usurping dictator, now he was the prophesied harbinger of a golden age.
The Aeneid was a product of the politics of its time. Before his death, Virgil asked that his still incomplete epic be burned rather than published. Augustus was never going to allow this. The Aeneid was the perfect propaganda to build a dynasty around. No longer was Rome a back water founded by savages who lived in a cave, now it was a city with a deep bond to the splendid, near mythical city of Troy. Now Rome had a destiny, to rule the world, and for Caesar, to rule Rome.
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