The Reign Of The Han Dynasty Essay

The Reign Of The Han Dynasty Essay

Length: 1170 words (3.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Towards the beginning of the Han dynasty, Chinese merchants were making vast amounts of money through the salt and iron trades. These privatized industries employed a vast number of people which had negatively impacted the tax revenue derived from the semi-feudal Chinese government. In an effort to fund the military campaigns that were being advanced in Eastern China and to protect the state from nomadic attacks, Emperor Wu enacted the nationalization of the salt and iron industries as well as the price stabilization of grain that continued into the next regime. However, the following emperor, Emperor Zhou, called upon Confucius scholars and prior officials under Wu to debate the necessity of these economic policies. Through these salt and iron debates, it can be argued that the survival and expansion of the Han dynasty was dependent upon the revenue derived from these nationalized industries and economic policies.
The reign of Emperor Wu is marked as one of the largest expansionist periods in ancient Chinese history. During his rule, he annexed vast amounts of territory as well as repelled various nomadic invasions from the north, effectively almost doubling the size of the Han empire, many of which remains as modern China today. His rule also oversaw increases in both population growth and urbanization, as well as the rise in wealth distribution amongst a growing merchant class. Overall, the economy during the Wu period can be generalized as industrious and expanding, but could not have existed without the interventionist monopolizing policies that Wu had enacted and effects they had on the general population.
In 110 BC, the Han government established the ever-normal granary system in an effort to stabilize grain prices. The ...


... middle of paper ...


...s a greater redistribution of wealth amongst the citizenry. They state that while the literati believe it was solely for profit, it was only for the best interest of the citizens.
Ultimately, Emperor Zhao decided to relax the economic policies placed by Wu, removing the monopolies on salt, iron, and liquor. While this was an effort to revert back to laissez-faire economics and allow merchants control over the industries, Bary notes "though a brief period of prosperity followed the relaxation of Emperor Wu 's fiscal policies, the economic health of the nation gradually worsened." (Bary 363) However, without these policies, Wu would have never been able to defend the empire from the nomadic attacks nor expand to the size that they did. While Wu sacrificed the economic prosperity for future dynasties, his policies were important for the survival of the Han dynasty.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Chinese Culture And The Han Dynasty

- Synopsis Chinese culture has been evolving for more than one thousand years with one of the most significant influences being the development of the Han dynasty. This paper analyses the ways in which the development of the Han dynasty influenced Chinese culture, to what extent, and why. Knowledge of the Han period’s impact on Chinese culture, is obtained through the analysis of written and archaeological sources depicting the Western Han dynasty (206 B.C.–9 A.D) and Eastern Han dynasty (25–220 A.D)....   [tags: Han Dynasty, China, Tang Dynasty, Song Dynasty]

Strong Essays
2024 words (5.8 pages)

The Han Dynasty, One Of China Essay

- The Han Dynasty was one of China’s first dynasties recorded in history. It lasted from 206 BC up until 220 AD. The first was the western Han which lasted from 206 BC to 25 AD. The eastern Han, which came after the western Han, lasted from 26 AD to until 220 AD. During those times there were a total of 26 emperors who ruled China. The first emperor of the Han dynasty was a peasant rebel leader named Liu Bang. He was known as emperor Gao. He ruled over the Han from 202 until 195 BC. After emperor Gao there was many different rulers of the Han but the longest reigning emperor was emperor Wu, whose real name was Han Wudi....   [tags: Han Dynasty, Emperor of China, Emperor Wu of Han]

Strong Essays
971 words (2.8 pages)

The Han and Roman Empires: A Test in Longevity Essay

- The history of the empires of Afro-Eurasia ebb and flow like an ocean tide; it's waves representing the degrees of dissension; its over bearing water levels claiming the dry shore in its path, claiming the sands as its people. Such is never permanent, soon the tides will recede and the sand will be claimed by yet, another tide; to repeat this process yet again. Two empires in Afro-Eurasia, born in the final years before the common era; defied those that came before in their ability to maintain their reign over their respective realms....   [tags: qin dynasty, afro eurasia, han dynasty]

Strong Essays
1729 words (4.9 pages)

The Dynasty And The Qing Dynasty Essay

- Dynastic ruling is that in which there is a succession of rulers in the same family lineage, a family maintains power all throughout hereditary means. A country that had such ruling was the ancient China in which there were various dynasties. China for a long period was faced with wars, bloodshed, and conflicts because of the dynastic ruling; people killed each other in order to succeed power. The succession alternated from competent rulers to incompetent ones and vice versa. Corruption, discrimination, and dictatorial leadership marred the government....   [tags: China, Qing Dynasty, Ming Dynasty, Tang Dynasty]

Strong Essays
1283 words (3.7 pages)

The Implementation Of Confucianism During Han China Essay example

- Introduction It was during the former Han Dynasty period that Confucianism developed from being the teachings of a few scholars at the end of the Chou period, to becoming the philosophy of the government. This had set Confucianism to become the dominating feature of Chinese culture and to affect a large portion of humanity. It is consequently interesting to determine how and why the implementation of Confucianism came about during Han China. Implementation of Confucianism in Han China The implementation of Confucianism started during the beginning of Emperor Wu’s reign....   [tags: Han Dynasty, Confucianism, Confucius, Han Chinese]

Strong Essays
1020 words (2.9 pages)

Anciten Chinese Civiilizaiton: THe Rise of the Han Dynasty Essay

- The rise of the Han dynasty commenced with the suicide of the Western Chu Emperor, Xiang Yu. Following the collapse of the Qin Dynasty, China was under an interregnum; both the Han dynasty and Chu dynasty wanted complete and utter dominance of China. During this era, 18 kingdoms once known as the Qin Empire provoked numerous battles solely for the command of China (See Appendix – the 18 kingdoms). Of the more significant battles was the battle of Julu, where Xiang Yu defeated the Qin Empire; the battle of Julu marked the end of the Qin Dynasty (Zhou, 2003)....   [tags: chu emperor, xiang yu, qin dynasty]

Strong Essays
1332 words (3.8 pages)

The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty Essay

- ... The Han Dynasty rulers modified some of the harsher aspects of the previous dynasty; Confucian ideals of government were adopted as the creed of the Han Empire. To ensure peace with non-Chinese local powers, the Han court developed a mutually beneficial ‘tributary system’. Non-Chinese states were allowed to remain autonomous in exchange for symbolic acceptance of Han overlordship. The Han Dynasty did expand into southern China, northern Vietnam, and parts of Korea. Conversely, the Han Dynasty’s primary focus was not to conquer as much land as possible for more power and wealth as was the Roman Empire emphasis....   [tags: history of Western Civilizaion]

Strong Essays
1261 words (3.6 pages)

The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty Essay examples

- ... Augustus strengthened the political organization of Rome through law and tax reform, protected borders and initiated building projects such as the Colosseum (Emmons, “Roman Empire”).  Additionally, Augustus created networks of roads, police, fire, and courier systems, and a standing army.  The relative freedom from conflict for such a lengthy period of time allowed Rome to prosper culturally, economically, and architecturally. The Empire reached its zenith under the rule of Emperor Trajan.  The Roman territory extended 6.5 million km2 to the east including Dacia, Arabia, Armenia, and Mesopotamia, securing its greatest size to date after the general defeated the Dacians in three battles....   [tags: historical analysis]

Strong Essays
1585 words (4.5 pages)

The Enduring Legacy Of The Song Dynasty Essays

- The Enduring Legacy of the Song Dynasty One of the eras of a majestic ancient civilization that has left a lasting impression upon the world of today is the Chinese Song Dynasty. Established by General Zhao Kuangyin this dynasty lasted from 960–1279 AD and brought a new stability to China after many decades of civil war, and ushered in a new era of modernization. It was divided into the Bei (Northern) and the Nan (Southern) Song periods. This brilliant cultural epoch gave birth to major advances in economic reform, achievements in technology, and helped to further medical knowledge....   [tags: Song Dynasty, China, Kaifeng, Qing Dynasty]

Strong Essays
1581 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Traditions of Qin Han, China

- Traditions of Qin Han, China The Qin dynasty created the first unified Chinese empire. They did this by utilizing a legalistic approach to government. The Qin believed that the nature of mankind is inherently evil and only through a strict code of laws with severe punishment could the government achieve reliability and stability. Because the emperor feared the people and the inherent rights and privileges established with the teachings of Confucus, he ordered all books on Confucianism burned and beheaded everyone opposed to the government including their families....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
660 words (1.9 pages)