After years of civil war a young Octavian, finally restored order and stability on an exhausted Roman state. After his victory over Actium in 31 BC, Octavian found himself in control of the Roman Empire. The answer came in the first meeting of the senate when Octavian theatrically relinquished all his powers to the Roman Senate. In exchange for these powers Octavian received a new name, Augustus. In Discourses (III. Xiii. 9) Epictetus tells us, "For you see that Caesar appears to furnish us with great peace. There are no more enemies, nor battles, robbers, or pirates, but we can travel at every hour and sail from the rising sun to the setting." This is the beginning of the era known to historians as Pax Romana or Roman Peace. This period of Roman history is said to be filled with amenity and stability that spread over the Roman Empire and lasted for over two hundred years, beginning with the reign of Augustus. The aim of Augustus was to secure law, order and security within the empire. Through several sources cited here, I have found that this was not exactly the case. I encountered the first hint of social discourse in Roman society by Epictetus himself. In Discourses (III, 3) he writes, "If we see a man lamenting, he is undone. If we see an exiled man, we say he is miserable. If we see a poor man, we say he is wretched. We wish to eradicate these bad opinions." It is obvious that disunion and social judgment ran rampant. Class animosity, suspicion and injustice were sure to find their way into everyday Roman life.
Goodman 's The Roman World, states that because of distrust within the political system the Emperor traveled the empire extensively. To protect his person, he created his own ...
... middle of paper ...
...us by the Second Settlement. This came about with the conspiracy of Fannius Caepio. In 22 BC, Augustus was provided with information about a plot inspired by Caepio. The conspirators were tried in absentia and found them guilty. Surprisingly, it was not a unanimous verdict. Nevertheless, the defendants were sentenced to death and executed upon capture, silencing any testimony they may have given in their defense. Augustus secured the facade of a Republican government with a competent cover-up of the events.
Suetonius said that Augustus believed that "he himself would not be free from danger if he should retire" and that "it would be hazardous to trust the state to the control of the populace" so "he continued to keep it in his hands; and it is not easy to say whether his intentions or their results were the better." Apparently his biographer held doubts of his own.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- When most people think about the Roman Empire, they think of their golden age during the second century. The five good emperors reigning from 96-180 helped establish one of the most innovative trade routes, the Silk Road, expanded the empire, and established one of the most successful empires in history. Although they are credited with most of the success, one man “the revered one” seems to be forgotten. Octavian, the emperor of Rome almost one hundred years earlier had set up one of the most effective political systems in ancient times.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Augustus]
1009 words (2.9 pages)
- As broken ships sink to the bottom of the sea near Actium, the power of one man over the Roman Empire is consolidated. Augustus, adopted son and nephew of Julius Caesar, will soon be the last remaining triumvirate. In the following months Mark Anthony will die, blundering his suicide attempt like he blundered through his entire career, Cleopatra will embrace an Asp rather than be paraded through the streets of Rome and the bastard son of Julius Caesar will be murdered. For his victory he gains the title Imperator, “Victorious General”.... [tags: Roman Empire, Augustus, Julius Caesar]
1260 words (3.6 pages)
- The reign of Tiberius undoubtedly shaped the Principate through the successes of his rule within the civil government and management of the financial crisis, his success was built on the foundations of the Emperor Augustus whom built the empire and made Rome great, as well as becoming a model that other emperors would follow, thus Tiberius lead a successful yet uncertain reign with often selfish intentions, however he developed the Principate through the guidelines of a past Emperors success. Contradictory to Tiberius, the reign of Gaius followed problematically; his reversal of unpopular decisions made by Tiberius initiated his reign as Emperor to be driven by populism rather than his decis... [tags: Augustus, Roman Empire, Caligula, Roman Republic]
1130 words (3.2 pages)
- Commencing with Augustus Caesar (r. 27 B.C.E – 14 C.E), the Julio-Claudian Principate included the reigns of Tiberius (r. 14 – 37 C.E), Gaius Germanicus (r. 37 – 41 C.E), Claudius (r. 41 – 54 C.E), and Nero (r. 54 – 68 C.E). It was during this time, that the Roman Empire reached the height of its wealth and power, however it was also a period of imperial extravagance and notoriety. The reign of Gaius Germanicus exemplified the basic weakness of the Principate, in revealing the instability of an empire that relied for its success on a singular secular power.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Augustus, Caligula]
1605 words (4.6 pages)
- • WWSS: Students will give general definitions such as: “They were societies with governments and contributed to the world they were wealthy there was rich and poor, etc.” –General informal assessment on what students know. • Students will be introduced to the terms Silk Road, Pax Romana Augustus, and Monopoly. As well as Caravan. • WWTS: The factors leading to the growth of these empires have 3 main themes: Military power, Government, and Economy and Trade. “Both the Han and Roman Empire reached their height between 200 B.C.... [tags: Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Ancient Rome]
1219 words (3.5 pages)
- The Roman empire and all that it achieved in the years after the Republic would never have been possible if Caesar Augustus had not ruled had not ruled at the time that he did. Augustus was the perfect emperor and he came at the perfect time. The empire was in chaos in the middle of another civil war and could have gone in two directions – more chaos or unparalleled peace and prosperity. Chaos was without a doubt what Romans at the time would have thought was going to happen, but Augustus turned the tide of history and ushered in a period of peace in the Roman empire that has arguably not been replicated by any great civilization since.... [tags: Roman Empire, Augustus, Ancient Rome]
1210 words (3.5 pages)
- Within the Ancient world, political leaders manipulated the balance between religion and politics to further their own power. In particular, Gaius Octavius (63 BC – 14 AD) later known as Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus, exploited the ‘imperial cult’ as a political tool within the Roman Empire. Termed by modern historians, the imperial cult was a combination of local religious cults where people worshipped the emperor as a deity who received divine honours exceeding all other living entities.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Augustus]
753 words (2.2 pages)
- The establishment of the Roman Empire came to be because of the works of Caius Julius Caesar. Julius played an important role in creating Rome to be a city-state with his numerous alliances within the established empire. Alongside the alliances, Caesar was committed to building a strong military for Rome. Caesar’s short rule was abruptly ended by his assassination, which led to the reign of Augustus Caesar, who was a very strong political figure proceeding Julius Caesar. He used the foundation that Julius Caesar laid before him to strengthen the empire even further during his own rule.... [tags: Julius Caesar, Roman Empire, Augustus]
1454 words (4.2 pages)
- Throughout the middle ages, many empires were working on expanding their territory, but it was not always a success unless they had the appropriate leadership to guide them in the right direction. The main empire that grew to extraordinary lengths is that of the Roman Empire. Through many conquests and battles and with an amicable government, it attained its fortune. However, on the other hand, there was another government that shared similarities with that of Rome; this was the empire of Charlemagne, otherwise known as the Carolingian Empire, but it failed to have a prosperous eternity.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic]
1201 words (3.4 pages)
- Augustus, during his reign as emperor proved effective in ruling through the ideas he implemented to solidify his country. Tacitus stated “nullo adversante” which translates into English “Wholly unopposed” (http://janusquirinus.org/Quotes/QuotesHome.html) this identifies the effectiveness of his reign and the strength he had politically over Rome. Important actions such as the creation of religious and moral reforms, the constitutional agreement and the implementation of the building programme all succeeded in creating stability within the Roman Empire.... [tags: Roman History ]
570 words (1.6 pages)