Eritrea has the lowest number of refugees and IDP with almost 32,000 people displaced from their homes. However, this was not the case in the early 1990s when there were almost 280,000 refugees and 75,000 IDP as a result of the Eritrean/Ethiopian war (C.I.A., 2011). Eritrea gained its independence from Ethiopia in 1993, leading to violent struggles and border disputes for years to follow. At one point the fighting was so intense that soldiers from both sides were locked in a fierce battle long after the civilians had fled the area. The soldiers were essentially fighting over vacant and desolate villages because a large portion of the civilians fled into refugee camps located in Ethiopia, Sudan or Kenya.
Additionally, thousands of Eritreans flee their homeland illegally because of conscription. Conscription is the practice of citizens enrolling into mandatory national service, usually the military. These soldiers are h...
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...January 11). The world factbook. Retrieved from (“Somalia”) http://https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/er.html
Central Intelligence Agency. (2011, January 11). The world factbook. Retrieved from (“Sudan”) http://https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2194.html?countryName=Kenya&countryCode=ke®ionCode=afke
The Horn of Africa War: Mass Expulsions and the Nationality Issue. (2003). Eritrea and Ethiopia, 15(3a), 1-66. Retrieved from http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2003/01/29/horn-africa-war
Maxted, J., & Zegeye, A. (2002). Human stability and conflict in the Horn of Africa. African Security Review, 11(1), 51-59.
The path to ruin. (2006, August 6). The economist. Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/node/7270000
Timeline: Ethiopia and Somalia. (2009, May 20). BBC News. news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6159735.stm
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