Reform Judaism started as a response to the Enlightenment that occurred in the late 17th and the early 18th century. The Jewish people needed to determine how to best combine new ideologies with their religious practices. The Jewish people suddenly had a new, non-Jewish world that they could be apart of. Some started to lose interest in religion. The Reform Judaism movement was created to adapt to these changes in society. The movement’s fundamental belief was that religious change is good (Kaplan 183). Platforms were created to define the boundaries for Reform Judaism and show how the Reform Movement is different than the traditional form of Judaism (Meyer & Plaut 195). The Reform movement has undergone many significant changes of their ideologies including Israel and the Halacha. These changes display their core idea of adapting Judaism to the social environments but simultaneously always keeping the Jewish community bound together. These changes are made from 1885 to 1999 with the Pittsburgh Platform, Columbus Principles, and Statement of Principles.
The position on Zionism and Israel shows one of the major changes that the Reform Judaism has undergone. In the Pittsburgh Platform written in 1885, it displays the first look into what the goals were for the Reform movement. The Pittsburgh Platform states that the movement does not support the idea of a Jewish homeland. The Reform movement has given up on the idea of going back to Israel, and having a Jewish homeland. “ We consider ourselves no longer a nation, but a religious community, and therefore expect neither a return to Palestine…” (Roiter, Urowitz, Zeliger 131). This passage conveys the idea that a Jewish state is no longer needed because they consider themselves no l...
... middle of paper ...
...Conference of American Rabbis. "A Statement of Principles for Reform
Judaism." Proc. of 1999 Pittsburgh Convention Central Conference of American Rabbis. A Statement of Principles for Reform Judaism - CCAR. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.
"The Pittsburgh Platform." Mikr'a Le' Histori'ya Modern Modern Jewish History. Trans.
Leila Roiter. Comp. Rachel Urowitz and Shira Zeliger. N.p.: n.p., n.d. 130-32. Print.
Meyer, Michael A., and W. Gunther Plaut. The Reform Judaism Reader: North American
Documents. New York, NY: UAHC, 2001. Print.
Kaplan, Dana Evan. "Reform Judaism." Encyclopaedia Judaica. Ed. Michael Berenbaum
and Fred Skolnik. 2nd ed. Vol. 17. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 165-83. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- 1. Introduction The United States of America are a classical example of a political two-party system . (cp. McDonald/Samples, 2006: 18). The Republican party and the Democrat party ... However, at the beginning of 2009, a new influential non-party player appeared in the political arena. The Tea Party Movement succeeded to considerably influence the 2010 elections to the House of Representatives and the Senate in the United States. Their main positions which can be found in their “Contract from America” (Tea Party Movement, 2010) played a major role in the election campaigns of both the Republican and the Democratic Party (...).... [tags: Republican Party, USA]
2925 words (8.4 pages)
- In the Manifesto of the Communist Party, what communism is is discussed; this writing attempts to enlighten the world about what communism ideals are. The communist party is pro-proletariat and wants what is best, in their eyes, for the working class people. “The essential condition for the existence and rule of the bourgeois class is the accumulation of wealth in private hands, the formation of capital; the essential condition of capital is wage-labour” (Marx, p. 135). According to Marx and Engels, the reason the bourgeois class exists is because of the labor from the proletariat class; without the capital produced from the proletariat the bourgeois class would not be as successful as they... [tags: sociopolitical and economic systems]
1169 words (3.3 pages)
- Within any society, there are particular individuals who are responsible for maintaining, teaching, amending, and enforcing all laws. In Jewish societies, the rabbis who once served as the judges and interpreters of the Halakhah, fulfilled this role. In an age in which few individuals obtained a formal education, this choice of well-educated rabbis to be these powerful and influential leaders within the Jewish society was logical. Thus, the rabbis used their authoritative power to freely interpret the Halakhah (Jewish Law) for the common Jews.... [tags: Judaism, Halakha, Israel, Hasidic Judaism]
1014 words (2.9 pages)
- RIWT Task 1 Classic, classical, and classicism are all words that describe the historical period, quality of a literature, music or artistic style associated with the appealing achievements of Greco-Roman civilization. Classical art is based on the aesthetic and philosophical principles fixed by Greco-Roman civilization. Classic art refers to a high regard for classic antiquity. Disco bolus Sir Kenneth Clark said “classicism (or the classical era) portrays widely accepted ideal forms of art in various ways” (Clark, 1956, p.146).... [tags: Renaissance, Middle Ages, Classical antiquity]
1312 words (3.7 pages)
- Classic, classical, and classicism are all words that describe the historical period, quality of a literature, music or artistic style associated with the appealing achievements of Greco-Roman civilization. Classical art is based on the aesthetic and philosophical principles established by Greco-Roman civilization. Classic art generally refers to a high regard for classical antiquity. Discobolus Sir Kenneth Clark said “classicism (or the classical era) portrays widely accepted ideal forms of art in various ways” (Clark, 1956, p.146).... [tags: Renaissance, Middle Ages, Classical antiquity]
1332 words (3.8 pages)
- For as long as America has had formal education, the need for educational reform has existed alongside it since there exists an ultimate goal of serving all students equally and effectively. Can reform attain this goal. What attributes are desired in a good school, and how can educational reform make more schools rise to this level of performance. According to Arthur W. Foshay, author of The Curriculum Matrix: Transcendence and Mathematics, “The one continuing purpose of education, since ancient times, has been to bring people to as full a realization as possible of what it is to be a human being.... [tags: standards, school, assessment, reform]
1281 words (3.7 pages)
- The Age of Reform throughout 1825-1850 was a great turning point for American society. The ideas and beliefs throughout the reform movements greatly expanded the democratic ideals. Reform movements in the United States sought to express ideas through religion and education, start movements through abolition and temperance acts, expand beliefs by caring for the insane, and take a stand by speaking up for personal rights . Different ideas were being expressed through The Second Great Awakening. The religious focus was now turning to God’s mercy and benevolence, which sparked other beliefs and ideas.... [tags: Abolition Movement]
1122 words (3.2 pages)
- The Progressive Reform Movement played an instrumental role in uplifting American society to new heights. The movement was fairly successful in curing the ills brought on by the massive industrial growth of the late 19th century. Rich executives who had created monopolies and trusts were deemed to have become too powerful, and political imbalances were ruled to be unacceptable. Progressive reform was a cornerstone of the early 1900s and was the issue that defined several presidencies. The Progressive Movement was a result of a century of economic and social neglect.... [tags: American Government]
940 words (2.7 pages)
- Out of all of Beethoven’s one hundred and ten works, he wrote thirty-two piano sonatas. Of those thirty-two piano sonatas, the thirty-first piano sonata was one of the most important and was composed in the year 1821towards the end of Beethoven’s life. It is one of Ludwig van Beethoven’s final sonatas for the piano, given the full name: Piano Sonata No. 31 in A-flat major, op. 110. I am writing about a video performance – found on YouTube – by Richard Goode in 1993. The performance piece is a sonata which is defined by Kerman as “a chamber-music piece in several movements” (Kerman, 427) The thirty-first sonata came to be in an interesting way.... [tags: Beethoven, Piano Sonatas, Classical Music]
1704 words (4.9 pages)
- We will also look at how this topic helps us relate to the issues of our present day. Can certain elements of justice and equality that were pursued by the social reform of the civils rights movement be applied to the ministry in which we are engaged. Moreover, how does public opinion inform our Christian beliefs on these subjects. On this day we also discussed the other Martin Luther, although he receives much of the credit for the reformation movement, he is not alone, and he is not the initiator of the reformation movement.... [tags: Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther]
710 words (2 pages)