Reflections of Visual-Cognitive Processing Deficits in Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis

Reflections of Visual-Cognitive Processing Deficits in Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis

Length: 1438 words (4.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Introduction
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is thought to be an autoimmune disorder which affects the central nervous system. According to the National Pediatric MS Center, in MS, myelin is lost in multiple areas, leaving scar tissue called sclerosis. When myelin or the nerve fiber is destroyed or damaged, the ability of the nerves to conduct electrical impulses to and from the brain is disrupted, and this produces the various symptoms of MS. One of these symptoms is cognitive dysfunction. According to the National Pediatric MS Center, approximately 50% of individuals with MS will develop problems with cognition. While the disorder is typically diagnosed in individuals between the ages of 20 and 30, approximately 5% of the cases diagnosed are children (National Pediatric MS Center). Additionally, the National Multiple Sclerosis Society reports that 2% to 5% of adult patients with MS report having symptoms prior to age 18.
There are several challenges unique to the assessment and treatment of children with MS. First of all, because the symptoms of MS are similar to other childhood disorders, it is difficult to diagnose (National Multiple Sclerosis Society). Additionally, children may experience symptoms such as seizures and mental status changes that are not present in adults with MS (National Multiple Sclerosis Society). Finally, Smerbeck et al (2011) report that cognitive impairments may be more significant in children than adults with MS because the central nervous system is still developing. Language impairment and verbal intelligence are particular concerns (Smerbeck, et al.). Therefore, valid and reliable assessment tools are crucial for identifying these cognitive impairments in children with MS. This paper will revi...


... middle of paper ...


...eved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx?item=4#
Hubley, A.M. (2010). Review of the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised. Mental Measurements Yearbook. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
National Multiple Sclerosis Society. (n.d.). Pediatric (Child) MS. Retrieved December 4, 2011, from http://www.nationalmssociety.org/about-multiple-sclerosis/pediatric-ms/index.aspx
National Pediatric MS Center. (n.d.). About MS. Retrieved December 4, 2011, from http://www.pediatricmscenter.com/WhatisMS.aspx
Reed, J.C. (2010). Review of the Symbol Digit Modalities Test. Mental Measurements Yearbook. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Smerbeck, A., Parrish, J., Serafin, D., Yeh, E., Weinstock-Guttman, B., Hoogs, M., . . . Benedict, R. (2011). Visual-cognitive processing deficits in pediatric multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 17(4), 449-456. doi:10.1177/1352458510391689

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Multiple Sclerosis Is A Chronic Disease Essay examples

- Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that involves the immune system improperly attacking healthy tissue in one’s central nervous system. Ignatavicius and Workman (2013) describe that this autoimmune disease produces inflammation in the central nervous system, progressively destroys myelin sheath, impairs the conduction pathway of neurons in the central nervous system, and causes plaque formation in the white matter. The destruction of the myelin sheath and formation of plaque in the white matter cause a variety of symptoms....   [tags: Multiple sclerosis, Nervous system]

Powerful Essays
3101 words (8.9 pages)

Differential Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis Essay

- Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis1 Multiple sclerosis will be diagnosed by Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), spinal fluid changes and evoked potential recording. Evoked potential recording is method use to record brain waves using electrode taped. Duration taken between stimulation and response will be recorded. The duration is known as latency. The evoked potential recording which is normally used are such as  visual evoked response (VER or VEP)  Somatosensory evoked response or potential (SSER or SSEP)  Auditory brain stem evoked response or potential (ABER or ABEP) Differential Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis are as below 1 2 o Optic neuritis o Clinically isolated syndrome or mono-s...   [tags: Multiple Sclerosis]

Powerful Essays
2092 words (6 pages)

The Is A Family Of Diseases Characterized By Cognitive And Behavioral Deficits

- For many people the thought of becoming old, and the time period of which one is entering old age can be a very scary feeling to cope with. The human body undergoes many changes both physically and mentally as it ages. Some of these changes are difficult for people to adapt to and evoke a great deal of stress in some people. One of the most common fears of people within the topic of aging is becoming demented. Dementia is a family of diseases characterized by cognitive and behavioral deficits involving some form of permanent damage to the brain....   [tags: Health care, Health, Medicine, Old age]

Powerful Essays
1289 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about Multiple Sclerosis : An Autoimmune Disease

- Multiple sclerosis, also known as MS, is one of the humankind’s most mysterious diseases. Multiple sclerosis has the ability to affect nearly 3 million people worldwide. This disease tends to be more common in individuals of northern European descent and women are more than twice as likely to develop multiple sclerosis as men are. Of those 3 million people, most of them are between the ages of 20 and 50 years old. Even though multiple sclerosis is a mystery disease, scientists are working to determine the exact cause and treatment....   [tags: Neuron, Action potential, Multiple sclerosis]

Powerful Essays
1509 words (4.3 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Multiple Sclerosis Essay

- Imagine, 324,118,787 people in the world. Out of those individuals, approximately 2.5 million people are diagnosed with this disease, and more than 400,000 people in the United States suffers from this disease. About 200 people in the United States are diagnosed with this disease weekly (Pietrangelo). The name of this disease is called Multiple Sclerosis. “Multiple sclerosis, or MS, is a long-lasting disease that can affect your brain, spinal cord, and the optic nerves in your eyes. It can cause problems with vision, balance, muscle control, and other basic body functions” (“What is Multiple Sclerosis?”)....   [tags: Multiple sclerosis, Nervous system, Myelin]

Powerful Essays
1833 words (5.2 pages)

Multiple Sclerosis Implications And Treatment Essay

- Steeno Burris HPE 110-A Multiple Sclerosis Implications and Treatment In the US, the number of people with Multiple Sclerosis is estimated to be about 400,000, with approximately 10,000 new cases diagnosed every year. Sclerosis is defined as “a hardening or induration of a tissue or part, or an increase of connective tissue or the like at the expense of more active tissue.” Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the Central Nervous System. With an autoimmune disease, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own tissue and organs....   [tags: Multiple sclerosis, Nervous system, Symptoms]

Powerful Essays
1799 words (5.1 pages)

Essay on Multiple Sclerosis and Action Potentials

- 1. (10) b. Explain why in multiple sclerosis the action potentials take longer to reach their muscle and neurological targets or do not reach them at all, resulting in muscle spasms and weakness in one or more limbs, bladder dysfunction, local sensory losses, visual disturbances and other neurological deficits. c. Explain the speed of action potential in the normal person. Be sure to provide documentation using any example from the literature (provide the pdf-version of the article) and summary that supports your conclusion....   [tags: neurological defecits]

Powerful Essays
1719 words (4.9 pages)

Essay about The Central Nervous System And Multiple Sclerosis

- Multiple Sclerosis The central nervous system, being made up of the brain and spinal cord, is crucial for communication throughout the body. In a properly functioning central nervous system, there are neurons that assist in this communication be perceiving and sensing information, then sharing it with the brain, allowing the body to make normal functioning movements. Neurons are made up of axons (nerve fibers), dendrites, and a cell body. The dendrites receive information and the axons then send the information back to the brain or spinal cord by what is called nerve impulses (Butler, Lewis, Shier, 2013, p....   [tags: Nervous system, Neuron, Multiple sclerosis]

Powerful Essays
1269 words (3.6 pages)

Differential Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis Essay

- Knowledge about the differential diagnosis of multiple sclerosis is important for a physiotherapist in order to distinguish multiple sclerosis from other conditions that present with almost similar clinical features. The common symptoms of multiple sclerosis include fatigue, muscle weakness, blurred vision, abnormal sensation, difficulty in swallowing, bowel and bladder problems. There are few conditions that present with some of the following symptoms including infectious and inflammatory diseases of central nervous system (CNS), optic nerve lesion and demyelination disease of CNS....   [tags: Multiple Sclerosis]

Powerful Essays
884 words (2.5 pages)

Multiple Sclerosis Essay

- Multiple sclerosis Definition: Multiple Sclerosis is a demyelinating disease cause a widespread degeneration of the central nervous system (CNS) which gradually results in severe neurological deficits. The disease is characterized by remissions and relapse, erratic onset and duration is flare up acutely. Each relapse may involve different area in white matter in central nervous system (CNS) . Etiology: There is may involve in genetic and environmental factor, which may cause immunologically mediated inflammatory response with CNS ....   [tags: Differential Diagnosis]

Free Essays
2072 words (5.9 pages)