Recruitment And The Draft During The Vietnam War Essay

Recruitment And The Draft During The Vietnam War Essay

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Recruitment and the draft during the Vietnam War was a topic few Americans knew a lot about but was a specialty of Hanson W. Baldwin, a military writer for The New York Times. “U.S. combat forces spread thin” was an article Baldwin wrote on February 21, 1966 and it describes the issues of sparse supplies during the Vietnam War. Baldwin’s niche was to write about challenges faced for military personnel and two other articles further educated Americans on dire supplies during the Vietnam War. These two articles, “Military Personnel Problems Growing as U.S. Expands its Role in Vietnam.” and “Navy is Improvising to Meet Supply Needs of Vietnam” were written on Oct. 14, 1965 and Oct. 24, 1965. A biography on Baldwin by a retired history professor, Robert B. Davis called “Baldwin of the Times,” provided a detailed look into Baldwin’s life and ultimate death. One chapter recounts Baldwin’s experience and opinions on covering the Vietnam War while writing for the Times.
Baldwin joined the NY Times in 1929 and won a Pulitzer Prize in 1943 for his reporting on World War II. Baldwin had a quiet manner but forceful opinions, which resulted in less than typical reporting on military events. The articles he wrote were a mixture of his own opinions, and opinions of the nation’s military, which were incorporated into the news of specific military situations chiefs. Baldwin covered a wide scope of battles, from World War II, the Vietnam War and the Middle East before retiring from the NY Times in 1968 (McFadden, 1991). The Vietnam War was a tumultuous time in American history and many reporters were young and frustrated while covering politics. Propaganda was widely used, and the regulations for said tool were nonexistent. Many Americans succumbe...


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...1968, wrote a few pieces as a guest contributor, and died in 1991. While Baldwin did not write objectively, he provided a fresh take on the Vietnam War. Baldwin’s main objective was to provide the public with an unfiltered account of the war, something he believed the public was not getting. Baldwin used mass media to inform the readers and this resulted in informed readers and an established career for Baldwin. Vietnam War was a “war in which journalists made their reputations and generals lost theirs” (Fellow, 343) which is true since Baldwin will be long remembered as one of the most important military writers. Baldwin impacted Johnson to send more military personnel into Vietnam since Baldwin had long supported increasing military personnel. Baldwin was not an objective journalist, since he used more opinions than facts but his style of writing went with the era.

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