The Reconstruction Period from 1865 to 1877 Essay

The Reconstruction Period from 1865 to 1877 Essay

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From 1865 to 1877, the United States underwent an era of political complexity and social turbulence known as Reconstruction (Tindell). This period of American history generated extensive implications for life of Americans (Tindell). The main goal of the Reconstruction was to rebuild a devasted South after the abolition of slavery, disruptions of the economy due to the war, and the tremendous amounts of deaths left it in near ruins (Tindell).
The first question at hand was to decide which governments would uphold authority in the South (Tindell). President Abraham Lincoln created a plan for regular governments in the states that were or might have been discharged from Confederate rule (Tindell). This plan was known as the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (Tindell). Under this plan, a Rebel state could form a Union government if ten percent of those who voted in 1860 took an oath of allegiance to the Union and the Constitution and had also received pardon from the President (Tindell). The states willing to participate, also had to swear to support proclamations and laws regarding emancipation (Tindell). There were a few groups that were automatically excluded from the presidential pardon (Tindell). These groups consisted of judeges, congressmen, and military officers who left their posts to help in the rebelling of the southern states, senior officers of the Confederate army and navy, and those who were accused of failure to treat captured officers and soldiers as prisoners of war (Tindell). Abraham Lincoln believed that the Confederate states never left the Union but were “out of their proper practical relation” and his plan was to return them back “into their proper practical relation” (Tindell).
Vice President Andre...

... middle of paper ... committed social equality and black civil rights, it did leave behind the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments (Tindell). “If Reconstruction did not provide social equality or substantial economic opportunities for African Americans, it did create the foundation for future advances” (Tindell). Jonathan Worth, a former governor of North Carolina said it the best way possible, it was a revolution (Tindell).

Works Cited

“Reconstruction: The Second Civil War.” 19 December 2003. Web. 8 February 2014.
Tindall, George and David Emory Shi. America: A Narrative History Brief Ninth Edition-Vol. 2. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2013. Document.
Wallenfeldt, Jeff. "Lincoln, Assassination Of Abraham." Britannica Online (n.d.): Britannica Online. Web. 24 Feb. 2014.
Wormser, Richard. "Hayes Tilden Election." 2002. PBS. Web. 8 February 2014.

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