After the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, the country erupted into chaos as blacks attempted to explore their freedom, still facing the oppression of angered white Southerners, one of which being Andrew Johnson, the next President of the United States for the duration of that time of turmoil. Not that unlike the newly freed slaves, Johnson had grown up in poverty and learned to become a successful self made man, even lacking in his formal education. Although Johnson was a law abiding, honest, and constitutional man, so much so that he was in fact buried with a copy of the Constitution, he became useless as a president for his stubbornness to stick to the original Constitution and refusal to assist the movement for black rights.
Black Codes became the Southern method of restricting blacks to their own pre-emancipation lifestyles, deterring the progress of the nation towards a society of equality. In order to combat this after Johnson’s refusal to allow legislature aiding blacks into law, Congress passed the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, both of which have had a significant effect in the politics of the United States since their commencement, which becomes more evident when view...
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...races should be treated separate but equal, only to be abrogated by the Brown v Board of Education case, determining that in order for true equality to be achieved, the American nation must be remain unsegregated. In more recent terms, the same Equal Protection clause was referenced in the legalization of gay marriage in 2015.
It it clear that throughout history the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution have been essential to shaping the approach the American nation has taken towards differences of race and equality in terms of societal, economical, and political relations. Although changes to these areas of the American were not immediate or sudden, they are still pivotal points to the way that the United States functions today. In the wise words of author Robin Sharma, “change is a hard thing at first, messy in the middle, and gorgeous at the end.”
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