After the Civil War, the federal government made attempts to protect the rights of citizens and solve the issue of economic and racial injustice. The first attempt was Lincoln’s Reconstruction and Amnesty Plan or the “ten percent” plan. The purpose was to re-admit ex-rebel states only if they abided by certain guildines and completed certain tasks: the ex-rebel states must emancipate slaves and ten percent of the voting population must swear an oath of layalty to the U.S. Radical Republicans felt as if Lincoln’s plan was too lenient towards the South, so the Wade-Davis Bill, which just outlines more rigorous and strict requirements for readmittion, was passed and pocket-vetoed by Lincoln. But after Lincoln’s assasination by John Wilkes Booth at the Ford’s Theatre, Andrew Johnson took his place and led reconstuction efforts. Johnson’s reconstruction plan, which was the second reconstruction attempt, was slightly different and slightly harsher; states had to ratify the 13th amendment, Confederate debt was repudiated, a...
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...after the Civil War prevented the North from succesfully rebuilding the South. Lincoln’s Reconstruction and Amnesty Plan, Andrew Johnson’s Restoration, and Radical Reconstruction were the three main attempts to ease tentions in the South between African-Americans and whites along with other social, political, and economic issues—but all failed. The many reform endeavors made had numerous flaws, but if the South had the predisposition to change like the North wanted them too, the flaws would be insignificant. In fact, if the South was cooperative from the very beginning of reconstruction and approached it with a positive attitude, there would be no racial tension between African-Americans and whites in present times. Knowing about these failed attempts will be beneficial to those who try to solve these same problems using different methods in succeeding time periods.
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