Essay on Reconstruction Of The American Civil War

Essay on Reconstruction Of The American Civil War

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Reconstruction was the period that followed the American Civil War in which attempts were made to amend the wrongs of slavery and the political, economical and social problems that were caused. When Andrew Johnson became president in 1865, he began the period of Presidential Reconstruction. He offered a pardon to all southerners, except wealthy planters and Confederate leaders by giving them full political rights and returning their property (Gilmore). He required the new state governments to abolish slavery, abandon secession and revoke the Confederate debt but other than that they were allowed to freely manage their affairs (Bartley). The southern governments responded to this by creating the black codes, which forced African Americans to sign annual labour contracts and they also found ways to limit their economic growth. Congress assembled in December of 1865 and passed the Civil Rights Bill which stated that everyone born in the United States was a national citizen and deserved equality before the law. Soon after this, the Fourteenth Amendment, also known as the “Reconstruction Amendment” was passed which granted citizenship and equal rights to the slaves who were freed after the American Civil War. It was agreed upon by the Republicans that the only way the southern states would be welcomed back into the Union was if they ratified the Fourteenth Amendment but then President Johnson told the states that they should ignore this law and not pass it. Congress had the majority of votes that were in favor of the southern states adopting the amendment so it was put into law. The last congressional Reconstruction measure that was passed was the Civil Rights Act of 1875, which prohibited racial discrimination in transportati...


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...ement. Northern financing tended to dominate the southern economy, even more so than during the war. The Northern investors controlled over seventy-five percent of the railroads in the South and by 1900 had full control over the South’s steel industry. Many of the profits made by these companies went into the northern economy so that area was well off while the South was left with no economic stability. One of the main reasons for the poverty in the South was caused by a poorly educated workforce due to the South failing to invest in technological and engineering schools. The labor force in the South were paid extremely low wages for blacks and whites and even lower wages for children which hurt the circulation of money in the southern markets which continued to devastate the economy. The New South never fulfilled the dream that was set in place for the economy.

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Essay on Reconstruction Of The American Civil War

- Reconstruction was the period that followed the American Civil War in which attempts were made to amend the wrongs of slavery and the political, economical and social problems that were caused. When Andrew Johnson became president in 1865, he began the period of Presidential Reconstruction. He offered a pardon to all southerners, except wealthy planters and Confederate leaders by giving them full political rights and returning their property (Gilmore). He required the new state governments to abolish slavery, abandon secession and revoke the Confederate debt but other than that they were allowed to freely manage their affairs (Bartley)....   [tags: Southern United States, American Civil War]

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