Socrates laid the foundation of a humble approach to not only education, but to being a knowledgeable citizen. He found great insight in the fact that “awareness of his own ignorance made him wiser than other fallible human beings who claimed to be wise” (3). The acknowledgment of personal mistakes and one’s own fallibility is the first step to growing intellectually. Socrates never told his students what to think. He believed that legitimate knowledge ...
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... the years after the Renaissance. John Locke, an English philosopher during the 17th century, believed the epitome of an educated person can be found in the landed gentry of his time. Landed gentry were a British social class of landowners who were able to live entirely off of rental income. They were a class below the aristocracy even though some were just as wealthy. In John Locke’s view of the world, education has warped from a state of inquiry and dialogue to a state of acceptance of understanding of not just the physical world but one’s own placement in it. Although his views often came into conflict with Plato’s, he kept the affirmation that people “by their Education once set right, they will quickly bring all the rest into Order” (10). This is a reinforcement of the idea that one must submit themselves to a higher authority in order to obtain true knowledge.
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