Realist and Liberalist Perspectives of Globalization Essay

Realist and Liberalist Perspectives of Globalization Essay

Length: 741 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Why and how did globalization occur? Different perspectives have different explanations as to why and how globalization evolved. Realists argue that international trade is most effective when there is hegemony in the world market, whereas liberalists believe that it is a matter of how countries use the idea of reciprocity in their decision about trade. I agree with the realist perspective because hegemony allows the global economy to enhance and international trade functions the best when a hegemon dominates the world market.
Realist perspective explains globalization in terms of the relative distribution of power (Nau 2007, 278). In their opinion, trade and economic activities thrives “only under favorable security conditions,” and those conditions rely on the relative distribution of power (Nau 2007, 279). They believe that alliances and hegemony are the two most affirmative security conditions. “’Free trade is more likely within than across political-military alliances; and …alliances have had a much stronger effect on trade in a bipolar than in to a multipolar world.’” (Nau 2007, 279) In other words, the fewer dominating states with power there are in the system, the stronger is the alliance and its effect on trade. In a multipolar world, countries cannot trust each other in trade because alliances are rarely permanent and therefore, countries might use the gains from trade to increase its military power and threaten to cause damage to the other country. Thus, realists argue that,
…world economic expansion should be least robust in a multipolar world where countries cannot be sure of stable alliances, more robust in a bipolar world because alliances are more predictable, and most robust in a unipolar or imperia...

... middle of paper ...

...y supply and this causes the collapse in the U.S. and elsewhere (Pinnell, Lecture notes, 3/23). Consequently, countries become very protectionist to protect firms at home and international trade collapses (Pinnell, Lecture notes, 3/23). Therefore, states must make decisions with reciprocity and consequences in mind (Pinnell, Lecture notes, 3/23).
Again, the realists believe that free international trade works best when a hegemon dominates the global market. I agree because hegemony enhances the global economy by providing the relative distribution of power in several countries. Since every country has its own function in the system, the hegemonic power is mandatory to sustain the world economy and international trade.

Works Cited

Nau, Henry R. Perspectives on International Relations. 2nd Ed. Washington D.C.: George
Washington University, 2007. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Realist and Liberalist Perspectives on International Relations and US Policy Stance Toward Iraq

- The Realist and Liberalist Perspectives on International Relations and US Policy Stance Toward Iraq There are two prominent stances in International Relations. The schools of thought are commonly referred to as realist and liberalist. There are various names that they are called, and they can also be split further into subdivisions. However, for the purposes of this question I will just refer to the main schools of thought, and the main aims of both the paradigms. At a first glance at this question, my gut feeling is that the United States aims to achieve the same as the liberalists, that of world peace....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1187 words (3.4 pages)

Essay Globalization is Rooted in Neo-liberalism and Liberalism

- A closer look at the changes in the patterns of development in the contemporary globalized world denotes that globalization is a reality. Globalization is mainly rooted in the theoretical concepts of liberalism and neo-liberalism, which opine that the only means through which global development can be attained is through the promotion of a laissez faire state across the globe. In this way, it becomes easy to spur development due to the opening up of states for trade and other exchanges in the political, social, and cultural realms of development....   [tags: developing states, economic globalization]

Better Essays
1416 words (4 pages)

Essay on The Tremendous Benefits of the European Union

- Federalism is a difficult political endeavor; the United States, despite having had over two hundred years to establish a federal system, still struggles to find a balance between states’ rights and those of the national government. The Russian Federation of states, formed after the breakup of the Soviet Union, is plagued by separatist and nationalist movements demanding separation from the main federation. This paper will address the founding of the European Union and its organizations. Since different theories of international relations view political events in vastly different ways, the standard schools of thought (realist, liberalist, and feminist) regarding these international organizat...   [tags: realist, liberalist, feminist]

Better Essays
1660 words (4.7 pages)

Globalization: A Western Perspective Essay examples

- Washington consensus, often interchangeably used with neoliberal policies, has become a rod of dissatisfaction among anti-globalization. In theory, neoliberal policies seek to industrialize Latin America through western ideas and structure under the policy of “one size fits all”. Late development theory states that not all development will follow the same path as their predecessors. Each country accounts for its own history, culture, trajectory and variables for development. Globalization while it has workers for western countries, it has not been the rightful path for newly developing countries to undertake with given set of policies as underlined by Washington consensus....   [tags: Globalization Essays]

Better Essays
3280 words (9.4 pages)

Realism: Difference Between Realists and Liberalists. Essay

- INTRODUCTION No single theory reliably explains the wide range of international interactions, but one theoretical framework has historically held a central position in the study of International relations. This approach called realism, is favored by some International relations scholars and vigorously contested by others, but almost all take into account. Realism is a school of thought that explains international relations in terms of power. The exercise of power by states toward each other is sometimes called realpolitik, or just power politics....   [tags: school of thoughts, liberals]

Better Essays
2013 words (5.8 pages)

Essay on The Realist Perspective On The Iran Nuclear Deal

- The realist perspective offers the most convincing explanation for both Iran’s initial urge to build nuclear capabilities and western countries’ response. While constructivist and liberal arguments may address the possible reasons that the nuclear deal may fail, neither is as convincing as the realist argument. The realist perspective rationally and coherently accounts for the motives behind each country’s decision making during the Iran Nuclear Deal. Realists argue that imposing military force is one way to achieve hegemony for a state, and thus it is not a surprise that Iran, a marginalized country that has continually been in conflict with the United States, has developed nuclear weapons...   [tags: Cold War, Nuclear weapon, United Nations]

Better Essays
791 words (2.3 pages)

International Relation Theories of Realism and Liberalism Essay

- ... ‎ Realism is an international theory that state interest in international politics .the ‎basic reason to know about realism is that , many realism have inflict retrospectively ‎in term of inter war scholar .The Most attention of realist is to explore and ‎understanding more about the issues of war. Furthermore, realism guided the ‎American leaders to be more considered on interests aiming to peace by strength. ‎The fact of many realism is to increase the interest of the state. It thought that the ‎state is the basic actor of international politics....   [tags: global, politics, perspective]

Free Essays
536 words (1.5 pages)

Leadership and Foreign Policy Essay

- LEADERSHIP AND FOREIGN POLICY: Contrasting between the liberalist and realist views, discuss the role of a leader in influencing foreign policy. Introduction In foreign policy, decision making is guided by different a leader that is from presidents, cabinets, parliaments and groups such as communist party of Soviet Union and the standing committee of the communist party of china and Central Intelligence Agency of USA. One cannot run away from the fact that a leader’s personality can affect foreign policy....   [tags: liberalist and realist views]

Better Essays
2218 words (6.3 pages)

Liberalism and Globalization Essays

- Liberalism and Globalization For the most part, liberalism is a reaction to the realist issue of insurgency. Realists contend that security quandary will result if there is no central control in a revolutionary system. In the end, an offset of power might be unavoidable. Liberalists, then again, are idealistic and contend that there is potential concordance of interest between states, and cooperation are conceivable so common additions could be attained. This is dependent upon the essential suspicion that all states are levelheaded and comprehend their interest....   [tags: capitalism, economic, commerce]

Better Essays
1250 words (3.6 pages)

Why Is Power Central to Realist Perspectives of International Relations?

- Introduction Historically, realism has been the dominant theory of International Relations which explains the fundamental features of international politics, inevitably associated with conflict and war (Chiaruzzi, 2012, pp. 36). Basically, there are two approaches of realism; classical realism and neorealism. Classical realists strongly emphasize on historical reality and takes its principles, orientations and practice from the account of history (Chiaruzzi, 2012, pp. 37). In contrast, neorealism is based on a scientific method by examining economic theory and philosophy of science rather than historical reflection (Chiaruzzi, 2012, pp....   [tags: international politics, conflict and war]

Better Essays
1390 words (4 pages)