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...e accepted into the group that shares their similar views or life style. Violence is also used to control current members of both gangs and terrorist groups, illustrating the structure that is integrated in the group (Turk 1553). Despite their differences in violent crime, both terrorism and gang’s violence can be traced back to the theory of self-identity and the need for belonging. The first emergence of gangs in the US occurred when immigrants settled into “ethnic enclaves” and were excluded from the chance of joining the “mainstream middle class” (McCarthy and Daly 711). They then formed into gangs that allowed them to gain social status and gave them an identity (McCarthy and Daly 711). Terrorist groups are formed by people whose beliefs differ from the mainstream population and they want to act in order to prove their ideas and self-identity to others.
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