Racism, Prejudice and Inequality in America

Racism, Prejudice and Inequality in America

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1. The main idea of the book is about racism, how it affects the world today, and how it change in time.
2. The author’s purpose for writing the book is to inform you about how serious racism is in the world.
3. 10 significant details :
• The whites who crafted the foundation of systemic racism were most concerned with “black race within bloom.”
• At the start of civil war, in 1861, nearly 4 million African Americans were legally enslaved in America.
• The U.S. criminal justice system uses a lot of systemic racism and African-Americans are directly targeted.
• Environmental justice is the “fair treatment of people of all races, income, and cultures with respect to the development, implementation and enforcement laws, regulations, and policies.
• The white supremacist system intentionally fosters history between groups of color.
• The roots of racial profiling can be traced back to America’s war on drugs in the 1980s when police were encouraged to stop and search members of certain groups.
• 30 percent of African Americans between the ages 20-29 are under correctional supervision or in jail.
• Every race displays racial prejudice to each other.
• There is a global racial pyramid that helps to shape the power and the biases of each race.
• African Americans still face widespread inequalities in education, employment, housing and income.
4. Causes and Effect:
“It is early in the morning, and the well-dressed young African American man driving his Ford Explorer on I-75 sees the blue lights of the Georgia State Patrol car behind him.

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The officer pulls behind the sport utility vehicle and the young man’s heart begins to sink. He is on his way to Atlanta for a job interview. The stop, ostensibly for speeding, should not take long, he reasons, as the highway patrol officer walks cautiously toward the Explorer. But instead of simply asking for driver’s license and writing a speeding ticket, the trooper calls for backup.”
5. Comparison and Contrast
Just similar to racialism of Jim Crow Laws in the 1930s, the racism of today is changed, but also alike in some ways. The manner they are alike is the cases by racism of both time eras. Equal as the time fleeting by, fierceness caused by racism still keeps happening. The change they have is that the laws caused discrimination between colored folks and white folks in the south, but there’s no parting at the present time anymore. Last, the place of colored folks is quite different in these days.
6. 5 Symbols:
• “economically disadvantaged”- distort our awareness of reality
• “white”- as positive to the culture
• “black”- as negative to the culture
• “DEA”- federal agency responsible for enforcing laws and regulations governing narcotics and controlled substances.
• “Racial profiling”- the use of race as grounds for suspecting someone of having committed an offense.

7. 5 inferences:
• “The legal system should treat all citizens equally, until there is specific, credible evidence that they have committed a crime.”- means it shouldn’t matter what race you are, it should just matter what the person did as an individual.
• “The Treatment of Americans of color has varied according to their time of entry, size, culture, physical characteristics, and wealth.” – defined that the color doesn’t matter now but what you have does.
• “Some racial profiling defenders agree that the drug war bears a large part of the blame for racial profiling.”- means that percent of the crime is the mostly African American
• “African American children suffer from lead poisoning at rates twice that of white children at every income level.”- means that blacks communities live in toxic areas and many communities are exposed to multiple pollutants.
• “Systemic racism affects everyone caught in its web”-means it doesn’t matter what race you are. It somehow hurts yours friends and your family and you cannot do anything about.

8. Simile:
Racism is like going up stairs with no feet. Pg.47

9. Metaphor:
Racism is lack of knowledge in action. Pg.69

10. The major problem in the book is racism because it causes refinement against people for explanations that have not anything to do with their abilities. This means that the ability of several general public to contribute.
11. Jim F. Couch- is a professor of economics at the University of North Alabama in Florence.
Peter M.Williams- is an assistant professor of economics at the University of North Alabama in Florence.
Jon Halvorson-is an assistant professor of economics at Indiana University of Pennsylvania.
Keith Malone-is a graduate student in economics at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa.

12. “Racism started when western society generally black communities and white communities came about throughout the Atlantic slave trade, slavery in the Americas and European constituent around the world. The complexity of it was during the 19th century where there was well-ordered racism realistic to claim these were organic groupings.” No one is responsible stopping racism because still goes on today but not as much as before. Why people don’t care and try to stop racism from happening because people in socially are still racism.
13. What I think about racism that it is the worst thing ever made up in the history of the world. In society racism made it harder for people to get along with other people race. It is difficult for minorities because they are Racial profiled and they are in more risk than any regular white person. How I think we as a society can this situation better by one century of our life we should just not care about people race and just be as one in peace with each other. If we achieve that we will have no race wars or any stupid war because racism.
14. Genre of the book is social issue.

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