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The Ku Klux Klan was a major factor in carrying the idea of racism. The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a secret organization that developed in the South after the Civil War of the 1860s.The organization would use violence and terror to frighten the freed African Americans and prevent them from taking advantage of their newly given rights, particularly the right to vote. Members from the secret organization would disguise themselves in white robes and hoods. The organization was short-lived due to the response of the federal legislation, who were able to destroy the organization and provide greater protection for African Americans and their rights.
The Harlem is a famous neighborhood in New York City. The district is a primary center for political activity and cultural upbringing for African Americans. The neighborhood was originally a Dutch Village, organized in 1968. The district is named after a city in the Netherlands whose name is Haarlem. During the Great Migration, many African Americans began to inhabit the neighborhood in order to escape segregation.
Black Power is a term that was used to imply that African Americans should establish their own political, cultural and social institutions that are independent from the white society. The movement was well-known in the late 1960s and early 1970s.Black power expresses Black Nationalism, which is the rejection of fear from white presence. Many whites dreaded the movement after Black Panthers began to use the movement as their militant organization.
Black Panther is a 10-point program that was created in Oakland, California. The program was founded by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. The organization insisted freedom, full employment, reasonable living conditions, and proper education for all African Americans. They also wanted to put an end to capitalist exploitation, police brutality, and the release of innocent African Americans from jail. In order to achieve their goals, members of the organization would arm themselves with rifles, wear combat jackets, paraded militia-style, raised clenched fist and holler,” Power to the people”. After the program was constantly being harassed by the police and other internal problems, the organization gradually began to fall apart causing them to lose popular support.
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