Essay on Racial Segregation And The Civil Rights Movement

Essay on Racial Segregation And The Civil Rights Movement

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We have a long history of racism in America that has been structured to favor White people. Structural racism can be defined as, “a system in which public policies, institutional practices, cultural representations, and other norms work in various, often reinforcing ways to perpetuate racial group inequity. It identifies the dimensions of our history and culture that have allowed privileges associated with “whiteness” and disadvantages associated with “color” to endure and adapt over time”(Structural Racism, 2004,p. 11). Overt racism became illegal during The Civil Rights Movement that took place between 1954-1968 (Tuck, 2015). Although society seemed to be heading toward a more socially acceptable society, the movement enabled white people to blame the struggles black face as a character flaw. White people will believe that black people have a lot of problems because their culture is bad or they have bad values. The message they are reinforcing is that being black is inferior, and this is an example of structural racism operates. Structural racism is a system of forces that keeps people of color in a permanent second-class status, and it is the foundation of racism in our society. Society is structured in a way where the hierarchy of white people oppresses Blacks, Latinos, Native Americans, etc and has created decades of oppression.
Additionally, racism is seen institutionally within a large subset of systems that impact individuals. Institutional racism is defined in the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) as “the manifestation of racism in social systems and institutions. It is the social, economic, educational, and political forces or policies that operate to foster discriminatory outcomes. It is the combination of ...


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... not the only thing but communities of color are also policed more harshly by racially profiling individuals of color. Although a person of color might not be causing any harm, they are seen as dangerous or suspicious and must be question whereas a white person will never have to be racially profiled by police. Finally, police brutality has been a common occurrence toward black people. For example, Eric Garner was strangled to death by a white police officer, Daniel Pantaleo, because he suspected Garner was selling single cigarettes without tax stamps. Although Garner had told the officer that he was not selling cigarettes and was tired of being harassed by him, the officer took it upon his duty to hold him down until he could not breathe. After this brutality, the grand jury did not want to indict Pataleo for his actions causing a wave of protests (Goodman, 2014).

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Racial Segregation And The Civil Rights Movement Essay

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