Racial Disparities in the Criminal Justice System The purpose for creation of legal systems in the world is to pursue justice. Pursuance of justice re
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The purpose for creation of legal systems in the world is to pursue justice. Pursuance of justice requires fair application of the law. Therefore, the events unfolding in the United States undermine this principle. The Justice Integrity Bill is meant to increase public confidence in the justice system and address any unwarranted racial and ethnic disparities in the criminal process that has raised eyebrows over the years. This bill purports to enforce fair application of the law in order to realize justice for all; both black and white.
Reports have it that court processes are biased always to the detriment of the blacks. This is a clear indication of a clear racial disparity. Many are the times when blacks have had to bear the brute of harsh sentences simply because they are black. In addition, court processes are said to be prolonged thus delaying justice to the defendants, some of whom may be innocent. It is said that the root cause of racial disparities is the ‘war’ against drugs. However, monthly drug consumption in the US shows that African Americans constitute 14% of the drug users compared to white Americans staggering 69.2%.*(http://criminaljustice.ncbar.org/newsletters/criminaljusticefeb11/racialdisparities) In contrast, African Americans who use drugs have a higher incidence to be arrested and tried than any other group. In fact, it is surprising to note that though African Americans constitute 14% of the nation’s population, they as well constitute 37% of drug related offences.
Notwithstanding the humble African American population, the state of Northern Carolina reported 46% misdemeanour convictions and 53% felony convicts to be African Americans in the 2008-2009 fiscal year*(http://criminaljustice.ncbar.org/newsl...
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The Justice Integrity bill is designed to establish a process whereby any unwarranted disparities in federal prosecution can be analyzed and responded to when appropriate. Under the proposed bill, the Attorney General would designate ten U.S. attorney offices as sites in which to set up task forces composed of representatives of the criminal justice system and the community. The task forces main function would be analyzing and reviewing on prosecutorial practices and to develop initiatives designed to promote the twin goals of maintaining public safety and reducing disparity. Such a process would clearly be applicable to state justice systems as well.
Cessare Beccario, treatise on crimes and punishment
Du Bois ‘The Negro and crime’
Brown V Board Of Education of Topeka (1954)
Criminal Justice Policy Review XX(X, Shaun L. Gabbidon et al