Essay PreviewMore ↓
The conversation about the influence of social media on race-bending as it applies to comic book culture begins with an examination of Robert Morales and Kyle Bakers’ 2004 graphic novel – Truth: Red, White and Black. Jennifer Ryan proposes in her article Truth Made Visible: Crises of Cultural Expression in Truth: Red, White, and Black that the graphic novel depicts a new version of the “great American hero” (Ryan, 67); an African American Captain America by the name of Isaiah Bradley. Truth tells Isaiah’s story, and contrasts his experience with that of the white Captain America (Ibid) – right down to their physical differences (see figure 1). Truth alters the traditional Captain America story, effectively rewriting Marvel comic lore (Ryan, 77). It does so by telling the story of how the super soldier serum that gave Captain America his powers was created; by being tested on Isaiah Bradley and other African American soldiers (Ryan, 67). Axel Alonso, lead editor of Truth, acknowledges that introducing a new character effectively destroys a previously unbroken and consistent existence for Captain America’s origin that allows the creators to “tell a larger story” (Ryan, 70).
How to Cite this Page
"Race-Bending in the Media." 123HelpMe.com. 16 Jun 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Present day America is a media obsessed culture. Media has infiltrated nearly all aspects of our lives and shapes how we act, think, and view the world. Also, with the current rise of technology, we are able to take our media with us nearly everywhere we go. Apps and services like YouTube, Netflix, and Hulu allows television programming to be more portable and easily accessed. At first glance, this may seem like an advantage to living in the 21st century, however, there is an issue that has been and continues to be problematic in media.... [tags: Transgender, Gender, Genderqueer, Gender identity]
1054 words (3 pages)
- Introduction The speech on media and race I thought was really interesting. The guest speaker Mr. Randy Mclllwain gave an excellent rhetoric on media and race. The things he has done in his field of journalism is amazing. This is the first time I saw an alumni who graduated from Edinboro. Mr. Mclllwain is really successful in his field, and the stories he told us, I was fascinated by. The topic of discussion on media and race, I had an idea what the speech was going to be about. When listening to him he reassured me how I felt media portrays people of color.... [tags: Black people, Race, White people, Race]
1342 words (3.8 pages)
- Samantha Harris Mrs. Thompson English: Composition 12 December 2014 Race and Media If one thinks about it, the media is one of the leading causes of racism still being a major problem in the world today. Politicians and other important figures often talk about how we need to stop the spread of prejudice when the facts they tell you aren’t exactly accurate. There is a lot more to what they are talking about and the fact that the black race is still being persecuted is completely from the truth.... [tags: White people, Race, Black people, Racism]
2773 words (7.9 pages)
- In America today, there is a growing problem regarding the media’s portrayal of race inequality. Whether the media is television, cable, radio or social sites, an individual’s race seems to be highlighted rather than focusing on the actual story being covered. This is best said when the Freedom House states, “The United States is…unique with respect to the number and magnitude of the laws, policies, enforcement and monitoring agencies that are meant principally to curb racial bias, enhance racial integration, and direct public attention to actions and policies deemed to have an unfair impact on African Americans or other minorities, most notably Hispanics” (Racial Inequality).... [tags: Racism, Race, Race, White people]
1909 words (5.5 pages)
- The United States of America is a multicultural nation and we are still struggling with racism in America. Many people believe that racism may be an issue of the past and not relevant to our society. But with racism there are two major types and it’s either covert or overt. Covert racism is the most likely form of racism, which is defined as hidden racism as opposed to overt, which is out in the open racism. The United States of America is a nation full of immigrants; however, the country faces just as many racial issues as in the Civil Rights era.... [tags: Racism, African American, Race, United States]
1496 words (4.3 pages)
- American Crime and Race Race has always been an important issue in American society, culture, and history. It has, since the very beginning, shaped our nation to be what it is today and even shapes how we view others both in media and in real life, especially in today’s day and age. One particular show that touches greatly on the issue of race and how it affects American society is the ABC program American Crime, an anthology series where the second season is about a rape case that affects multitudes of people of different races and social statuses and also hits home on many race issues that deviate from the primary storyline.... [tags: Racism, White people, Race, Black people]
1939 words (5.5 pages)
- In the world of media, today, writers and journalists base their topics to write about on different fundamental ideas that are relevant to the contemporary. For example, in the past few months there has been all of this debate about police officers being too brutal and possibly prejudiced to black people around the country, and this is perfect for media use because of the race issue. This essay will be referencing several passages including the article by Eric Deggans called “Four Lessons From The Media’s Conflicted Coverage of Race.” The goal is to explain the depths of how stories like these are set up in terms of storytelling, representation, ethics, and industry.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Mass media, Moral psychology]
1696 words (4.8 pages)
- The media, through its many outlets, has a lasting effect on the values and social structure evident in modern day society. Television, in particular, has the ability to influence the social structure of society with its subjective content. As Dwight E. Brooks and Lisa P. Hébert write in their article, “GENDER, RACE, AND MEDIA REPRESENTATION”, the basis of our accepted social identities is heavily controlled by the media we consume. One of the social identities that is heavily influenced is gender: Brooks and Hébert conclude, “While sex differences are rooted in biology, how we come to understand and perform gender is based on culture” (Brooks, Hébert 297).... [tags: Sociology, Gender role, Patriarchy, Gender]
2330 words (6.7 pages)
- Gender-Bending in She's Come Undone Is Wally Lamb, author of She's Come Undone, "qualified" to write a first-person narrator in a female voice. After all, as a man, what does he know about women's issues. In this essay I will discuss the issue of "gender-bending" writers and discuss Mr. Lamb's use of such tool. The term "gender-bender" usually refers to a pop singer or a follower of a pop cult "...who deliberately affects an androgynous appearance by wearing sexually ambiguous clothing, make-up, etc.... [tags: She's Come Undone Essays]
2029 words (5.8 pages)
- Films and Media Misrepresenting Race abstract: In many ways technology makes access to academic work, research and employment easier and faster. However, I am concerned that technology is too often chosen over humanity. Historically,representations of African Americans in technological media tend to value "white" bodies at the expense of Black bodies (Stam and Spence, 1983). Further, recent studies show (Zickmund 2000), in fact, the ways in which some World Wide Web sites make it easier for hate groups to spread their misinformation, contributing to the devaluation of black bodies in technological media.... [tags: Matrix Racism Blacks Essays]
1908 words (5.5 pages)
To reiterate, it is clear that race-bending occurs in comic books with major characters such as Captain America, and that doing so is significant for the fan community as they care about continuity within a given characters’ canon. Phillip L. Cunningham claims that race-bending is not unique to Marvel comics – DC Comics has reverted heroes such as “The Atom and Firestorm – who until recently had been Asian American Ryan Choi and African American Jason Rausch respectively – back to their traditionally white alter egos of Ray Palmer and Ronnie Raymond, respectively” (Cunningham, 25). If fans care so much about race-bending, imagine how much they would care about race-bending the most recognizable property, a central character in the Marvel mythology (McWilliams, 1.1). Imagine if Marvel comics changed the race of the identity of Spider-Man!
McWilliams claims that the transformative power of social media in relation to race-bending as it applies to comic book culture was sparked by a single internet post by Bernadin, writer for “io9” about Spiderman’s race that brought the issue to the attention of “multi-platform media producers, resulting in a change in Spiderman’s race in print” (McWilliams, 1.2). Though both Spider-Man alter egos have similar origin stories involving genetically mutated spiders biting them, Miles Morales, the half-black, half-Latino alter ego of Spiderman, finds his origin in a twitter campaign (McWilliams, 1.2). This was an inspired Internet campaign to get Donald Glover, a black comedian and television star, to play Peter Parker in the then upcoming Amazing Spiderman film. (McWilliams, 1.2). Through Bernardin, McWilliams contends that Spider-Man should be identified by “his understanding of choice, as represented by the often-quoted line, “With great power comes great responsibility” (McWilliams, 2.1), and not by his race. He further claims that Spiderman “happens to be white” (McWilliams, 2.1), and that his “whiteness” is secondary. Glover posted on his twitter feed in response to Bernardin:
@io9 wrote a post about casting a non-white #Spiderman for the reboot. Some suggested @MrDonaldGlover I agree with this. "You guys. Let's make this happen. #Donald4spiderman" and "Sweet. You guys are awesome! Retweet. Someone start a Facebook page. I'm going to start doing shit. #donald4spiderman." (McWilliams, 2.2)
At that point in the comedians/actor’s career, Glover had been known for his portrayal of the character Troy on the NBC show, Community (Ibid). McWilliams claims that his fan base “loved the idea of having Glover play Spiderman” (McWilliams, 2.2). Consequently, the campaign became a “top 10 trending Twitter topic” and was reported by several news outlets. (McWilliams, 2.3). The campaign even reached Stan Lee (Ibid), cocreator of Spiderman, who said that despite audiences “might get confused” since they know Spiderman’s race is white from the previous films, Glover should have a chance to audition for the role.
Though Glover did not end up being cast, this wasn’t the end of the campaign. The second season premier of Community, “Anthropology 101”, opened with a sequence showing Glover in Spiderman Pajamas (see figure 2) – “a wink at the Donald Glover for Spider-Man campaign" (McWilliams, 2.4). At this point, Marvel was planning to kill Spider-Man's identity in favor of changing him to “someone other than Peter Parker as a first step in a publicity blitz” (McWilliams, 2.6) (see figure 3). Having seen Glover in the pajamas, Brian Michael Bendis, decided that he would look good as the new identity for Spiderman (McWilliams, 2.6).
Bernardin, Marc. "The Last Thing Spider-Man Should Be Is Another White Guy." Io9. Io9, 28 May 2010. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.
Proctor, William. "Beginning Again: The Reboot Phenomenon in Comic Books and Film." Scan - Journal of Media Arts Culture 9.1 (2012): n. pag.Http://scan.net.au/scn/journal.html. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.
Ryan, Jennifer. "Beginning Again: The Reboot Phenomenon in Comic Books and Film."College Literature, 38.3 (2011): 66-96. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.
McWilliams, Ora C. "Who Is Afraid of a Black Spider(-Man)?" Appropriating, Interpreting, and Transforming Comic Books 13.13 (2013): n. pag. Google Scholar. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
Figure 1 - Baker, Kyle. Captain America. Digital image. Http://www.writeups.org/. N.p., 2 Dec. 2010. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
Petrou, Laurie. "Racial Representation in the Media." Class. RCC 204, Toronto. 27 Jan. 2014. Lecture.
Cunningham, Phillip L. "Donald Glover for Spider-Man." (2012): n. pag. Rpt. in Web-Spinning Heroics: Critical Essays on the History and Meaning of Spider-Man. Ed. Robert M. Peaslee and Robert G. Weiner. N.p.: McFarland, 2012. 22-29.Google Books. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
Figure 2 - McWilliams, Ora. Anthropology 101. Digital image. Transformativeworks. N.p., 2013. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
Figure 3 - Szwimer, Jason. Death of Spiderman Fallout. Digital image. N.p., 30 Mar. 2014. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.