Race And Human Nature Of Race Essay

Race And Human Nature Of Race Essay

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Race by definition is a group of people identified as distinct from other groups because of supposed physical or genetic traits shared by the group. However, most biologists and anthropologists do not recognize race as a biologically valid classification, in part because there is more genetic variation within groups than between groups (definition of race, n.d). In the United States, both scholars and the general public have been conditioned to viewing human races as natural and separate divisions within the human species based on visible physical differences. However, traditional race concepts give an inaccurate picture of human variations which is indicative that each group has a significant level of uniqueness (Race and Human Variation). With the vast expansion of scientific knowledge in this century, however, it has become clear that human populations are not unambiguous, clearly divided, biologically distinct groups. Evidence from the analysis of genetics (e.g., DNA) indicates that most physical variation, about 94%, lies within so-called racial groups. Conventional geographic "racial" groupings differ from one another only in about 6% of their genes. This geographic "racial" grouping means that there is greater variation within "racial" groups than between them. As a result, in neighboring populations there is much overlapping of genes and their phenotypic (physical) expressions. Throughout history whenever different groups have come into contact, they have interbred. The continued sharing of genetic materials has maintained all of humankind as a single species (American Anthropological, n.d). Indeed, there are certainly questionable factors that dispel US scholars and the general public view of physical, biological differen...


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...sportation moves millions of immigrants around the world (American Anthropological, n.d). Given these points, human genetic variations(n.d) is best described by isolation by distance which mean that individuals who have ancestry, in particular, geographic regions are more likely to share genes than those from disparate regions. This sharing of genes is facilitated for individuals by using multiple loci, particularly when they are examined at the level of DNA sequence variation. This greater “signal,” while allowing the ancestry of individuals to be readily determined, may be discordant with any particular phenotypic trait (physical features) of interest, especially since much of the classification salience originates from DNA that does not influence the phenotype. Therefore, a race without question is not determined by biological differences and scientific validity.

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