Essay Queen Nzinga: African Ruler and Slave Trader

Essay Queen Nzinga: African Ruler and Slave Trader

Length: 1337 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Hailing from the African state of Ndongo and born in 1581 during the start of Luandan disagreement with Portuguese settlers (Toler 265), Queen Nzinga of the African Mbundu tribe stood up for her country and reestablished power over her people. Nzinga came in a time period that needed her. She got her country of Matamba (present day Angola) equal, both economically and socially, to the Portuguese. In order to do this, Nzinga took measures to place herself in the right position to eventually seize rule and steer her country in the right direction, even though it prompted a steady flow of opposition from her enemies. These initial enemies included the Imbangala tribes and irritated Portuguese Settlers, both of which she succeeded in turning into allies. Queen Nzinga's rule was well justified by a legal rise to the throne, and her subsequent role as a skilled ruler counteracted her reputation as a thriving slave trader.
Queen Nzinga’s methodical rise to power was well justified and vindicative of her ensuing rule, contrary to the arguments of her opponents. As the daughter of a previous king and sister to the next heir to the throne, Nzinga had the correct hereditary history to rule, an important prerequisite for rule in Ndongo culture. To reinforce this, Nzinga held an election, in which qualified officials appointed her as queen (Thornton 37). She was not the first queen to take uimate power over Ndongo (although none were as influential as she), but her traditional minded critics refused to accept it, and considered it a sign of illegitimate rule (Thornton 37). To combat this, Nzinga expanded her gender identity and strived to be more “manly” by engaging in battles personally (Thornton 39). It also helped that she was deemed i...

... middle of paper ...

.... D. and a member of the World History Association in addition to the American Society of Journalists and Authors. She also writes for national journals specialized in history and culture. The selected chapter in the source discusses the rise of Queen Nzinga to power and her relationship with the Portuguese, both of which I discuss in my paper.

Thornton, John K. (1991). Legitimacy and Political Power: Queen Njinga,
1624–1663. The Journal of African History, 32, pp 25-40. doi:10.1017/

Thornton is a graduate from Millersville University, Pennsylvania. He is an American historian specialized in the history of Africa and the African Diaspora. He is also a history professor in Boston University. My paper speaks about the legitimacy of Nzinga’s coming to rule. I use Thornton’s piece for information about her rise to power.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Unconquerable and Intelligent Nzinga, Queen of Angola

- In the beginning of the seventeenth century, the unconquerable and intelligent queen of the Negro in Angola was born in Quilombo Matamba, Angola in 1624; the daughter of the king Ngola Kiluanje Kya Samba, was known as Monarch she could join several people in the battle against the Portuguese invaders and resisted until the end of1663 without ever being caught. Nzinga Mbandi is known for her courage and shrewdness. 343 years after her death, Angola still remembers her as Queen Ginga. She left an indelible mark on black identity and African....   [tags: negro, occupation of african territories ]

Strong Essays
622 words (1.8 pages)

Europe 's Underdevelopment Of Kongo Essay

- Enoch Kim African History HIS-261-001 Prof. Abdin Chande Europe’s Underdevelopment of Kongo In the west-central Africa, one of the most important kingdoms to rise was the kingdom of Kongo. The origin of the state is traced to Bantu migrants, who settled within the region of Kwango River to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the lower Congo River to the north. This region in which Kongo rose, was particularly beneficial for the expansion of a kingdom as there were plenty of fertile soil with rainfall as well as sources of copper, iron, and salt that was within easy trading distances....   [tags: Slavery, Africa, Atlantic slave trade]

Strong Essays
1626 words (4.6 pages)

Essay about Comparing the Leadership of Queen Nzinga and Louis XIII

- ... For example, the Portuguese lusted after the slaves because they needed them to work on the sugar plantations in Brazil, and saw Ndongo as a valuable entree into this lucrative trade, however, Queen Nzinga risking her own life did whatever she can to protect her people from being enslaved. Although Queen Nzinga fought many battles, however, she did try to keep alliances with other empires, especially the Portuguese, which led her to converting into Christianity and making the Portuguese governor her godfather but only did so to keep her empire from harmful wars....   [tags: war, slavery, classes]

Strong Essays
793 words (2.3 pages)

The Atlantic Slave Trade Was A Mass Dislocation Of Millions Of Africans Essay

- The Atlantic slave trade was a mass dislocation of millions of Africans around the world. It was started by the French in 1424-1434 Prince Henry the Navigator paid for voyages along the West Coast of Africa in search of fishing banks. In 1441 Antam Conclaves captured 10 Africans near Cape Bojador. In 1481, Portugal built the first European fort called Fort Elmina. They needed slaves to work on their plantations in South America and in the Caribbean. In the 16th century, Charles I issued the first Asiento, a license to import slaves into Spanish colonies....   [tags: Slavery, Atlantic slave trade, Africa]

Strong Essays
1753 words (5 pages)

African Male And Female Slave Essays

- The slave trade was a cruel event that effected African people in terrible ways. However, the degree of cruelty was, at times, solely based on gender. Many articles illustrated the African slave struggle. These articles showed proof that the African slave experience was gendered. African male and female slaves both suffered extreme physical, mental, and emotional trauma. Sometimes, those traumas overlapped. In fact, some similarities between the different traumas can be drawn. However, the African male and female slave experience was not strictly the same....   [tags: Atlantic slave trade, Slavery]

Strong Essays
1410 words (4 pages)

The Transatlantic Slave Trade And Its Consequences On The African Continent

- 1. Discuss the transatlantic slave trade, how it operated and its consequences on the African continent. Slavery has a long history in Africa and before the transatlantic slave trade was created, slavery existed within the African country. Domestic slavery was driven by the under population in Africa. Therefore slaves were used for mining, agriculture, and household chores. Hence, the concept of slavery was not foreign to the African continent. In 1441, the first slaving occurred by Portugal. They took one man and one women slave back to Portugal....   [tags: Africa, Slavery, Atlantic slave trade]

Strong Essays
1025 words (2.9 pages)

How Did The Slave Trade Affect African Society? Essay

- How did the slave trade affect African Society. Now I’ve been free I know what a dreadful condition slavery is. I have seen hundreds of escaped slaves, but I never saw one who was willing to go back and be a slave.” – Harriet Tubman. Before there was Martin Luther King getting shot, the Kul Klux Klan hanging innocent African Americans, or Harriet Tubman helping escape slaves there was the Slave trade. The slave trade, also known as the trans-Atlantic slave voyages, was a transatlantic trading pattern that started as early as mid-17th century....   [tags: Africa, Atlantic slave trade, Slavery, Caribbean]

Strong Essays
747 words (2.1 pages)

Slave Slaves And The Slave Trade Essay

- Slave Owners and Slave Traders Part in the Slave Trade Slave owners and traders have had an important part in history, but not a lot of people have considered the parts they play and how different they may be. The most obvious similarity between the two is their eyes for profit. The slave business was a very practical and profitable business in the 1600-1800’s. The men that entered this business did it for profit. Despite this similarity, there were a number of things that the two did not share, status being one....   [tags: Slavery, Atlantic slave trade, African slave trade]

Strong Essays
1472 words (4.2 pages)

Slavery And The African Slave Trade Essay

- white slave trade was an unmerciful and callous act, just like its counterpart African slave trade. Although,the white slave trade was not as much publicized. The Mediterranean region was downright seized in order to execute the trade. Slavery dates back to being one of the most primordial trades known to man. Slavery was a primitive act practiced in order to prove supremacy. It was a legally recognized system. The slaves were traded across vivid regions and made to work with or without any payment....   [tags: Slavery, Atlantic slave trade, Sexual slavery]

Strong Essays
997 words (2.8 pages)

The Documents Of The Slave Trade Essay

- Armand Martin LSP – 200 02/14/2016 Slave Trade Case Study Paper The documents of the slave trade case study contains documents, which were authored by individuals closely connected to the slave trade. Gomes Eannes de Azurara was a Portuguese chronicler who provided details about the early voyages on the west coast of Africa and the capture of Africans in the slave trade. The primary source that Azurara wrote was titled The Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea written in 1450. The second primary source titled Practices and Contracts of Merchants was written by Fray Tomas De Mercado in 1587....   [tags: Atlantic slave trade, Slavery, African slave trade]

Strong Essays
1037 words (3 pages)