According to Merriam-Webster, research is defined as careful study done to report new knowledge on a topic. ("Research | Definition of research by merriam-webster," n.d.). Success in the field of Guidance and Counseling is dependent on accurate information. Counselors well versed in pertinent research make a strong impact on the clients. Counselors using research as a guide for intervention have a better understanding of the clients why and also the how to serve the client best.
Distinguishing Qualitative and Quantitative Research
In addition to the title of the articles, “A Qualitative Study of Intensive Filial Intervention Using Child-Parent Relationship Therapy” (Socarras, Smith-Adcock, & Shin, 2015) and “Quantitative Analysis of Long-Term Child-Centered Play Therapy” (Muro, Ray, Schottelkorb, Smith, & Blanco, 2006) each have key characteristics of quantitative and qualitative methods of research. The ability to take into consideration the needs of participants is a positive attribute of qualitative research. The participants in Socarras, Smith-Adcock, & Shin’s study were single mothers with limit income. The researchers decided in order to get the best result from the study perimeters should be altered. Socarras, Smith-Adcock, & Shin decided instead of requiring participants to video tape individual play sessions at home it would be helpful to provide evening sessions with dinner and allow families individual areas to play while providing manipulative commonly found in the home. Keeping to qualitative methods Socarras, Smith-Adcock, & Shin operated the study with a small sample size totaling 9 families and data was gathered by a pre and post intervention open ended questions. In “Quantit...
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...ave influenced research results. The primary disadvantage to quantitative studies is there is no how or why in regards to research results. The primary disadvantage of qualitative studies is the data collection and analysis process is time consuming limiting the scope of research.
In conclusion, research is tremendously important in the field of Guidance and Counseling. As a counselor to successfully serve your guidance population one must be confident with reviewing current research. If the need arises to conduct research as a counselor first determine the question seeking answered. If you are seeking the why or how, qualitative research would be beneficial. If time is of the essences and you need a numerical or statistical representation quantitative would be beneficial. For a truly in depth research process mixed methods would provide the most valuable research.
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