Bonta and Gendreau use quantitative research methods to test their hypotheses in “Reexamining the Cruel and Unusual Punishment of Prison Life.” They investigated the assumption that “prison is destructive to the psychological and emotional well-being of those it detains” (Bonta & Gendreau, 1990, p. 347). In other words, they attempted to discover whether or not individuals who are imprisoned are affected mentally by the trauma they face while serving their sentences in jail. The resu...
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...mental effects (Jackson & Roberts, 1991, p. 557). Roberts and Jackson surmise that qualitative research methods are needed in order to epitomize the ramifications of a study and believe that Bonta and Gendreau did not place enough emphasis on qualitative research methods. Bonta and Gendreau focused on quantitative research methods, however they did not use many qualitative methods as their main focus was on utilizing quantitative research methods. Qualitative research methods tend to utilize verbal reports such as in depth interviews rather than surveys or questionnaires that quantitative data uses. Another qualitative method that Roberts and Jackson apply is by representing a man who served thirty seven years in prison, who was discharged on the grounds that his ongoing confinement constructed inhumane and unconventional retribution (Jackson & Roberts, 1991, p. 558).
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