Quantitative And Qualitative Research Methods Essay

Quantitative And Qualitative Research Methods Essay

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Quantitative and qualitative research methods are the two central methods for conducting research. Although there are both advantages and disadvantages to each of these research methods, many researchers decide to merely utilize one of the methods, without exploring the other method at all. This is a problem as these researchers only get to analyze their research from one point of view rather than from differing points of view. In other words, these researchers will solely rely on numbers and statistics or solely rely on interviews and observations. The researchers Bonta and Gendreau are open to utilizing both research methods, however, instead of simply using quantitative research methods. Conversely, the researchers Roberts and Jackson are not objective like Bonta and Gendreau in the sense that they do not want to utilize quantitative methods; Roberts and Jackson only want to utilize qualitative methods as they presume that qualitative methods are the most accurate and compelling of the two. Nonetheless, being accepting of both quantitative and qualitative research methods provides researchers with the ability to investigate their findings from diverse perspectives and enables them to review a greater quantity and more extensive variety of studies.
Bonta and Gendreau use quantitative research methods to test their hypotheses in “Reexamining the Cruel and Unusual Punishment of Prison Life.” They investigated the assumption that “prison is destructive to the psychological and emotional well-being of those it detains” (Bonta & Gendreau, 1990, p. 347). In other words, they attempted to discover whether or not individuals who are imprisoned are affected mentally by the trauma they face while serving their sentences in jail. The resu...


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...mental effects (Jackson & Roberts, 1991, p. 557). Roberts and Jackson surmise that qualitative research methods are needed in order to epitomize the ramifications of a study and believe that Bonta and Gendreau did not place enough emphasis on qualitative research methods. Bonta and Gendreau focused on quantitative research methods, however they did not use many qualitative methods as their main focus was on utilizing quantitative research methods. Qualitative research methods tend to utilize verbal reports such as in depth interviews rather than surveys or questionnaires that quantitative data uses. Another qualitative method that Roberts and Jackson apply is by representing a man who served thirty seven years in prison, who was discharged on the grounds that his ongoing confinement constructed inhumane and unconventional retribution (Jackson & Roberts, 1991, p. 558).

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