The Introduction of Quality Education: The Antidote to Exam-Oriented Tradition
The Underlying Goals of Quality Education
China has a long tradition of exam-oriented education. Throughout the dynasties of the imperial China, Ke Ju, a highly hierarchical and centralized exam system, was the one and only screening scheme in China through which students with outstanding academic performance were selected from the crowds and promoted to government official positions. The exam covered a narrow range of knowledge – essay writing based on Confucianism, poetry composing, and calligraphy. Such a narrow focus led to rigid pedagogical methodologies in the forms of recitation and rote memorization. Sadl...
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... just a few tunes from Mozart or Beethoven for thousands of times because they have been most frequently tested in the past exams, but they will throw their instruments away the minute they get out of the testing center; most sadly, they will end up hating art, music, and sports just as much as the other academic subjects.
Currently, quality education is still frequently brought up and talked about in China, but no effective assessment mechanism has been set up to evaluate the effectiveness in its design and implementation. As discussed above, there is still much to be done in its design and implementation. As for now, the absence of specific guidelines, the inadequacy of resources for schools and teachers, and the domination of the Gaokao system over the teaching activities are undercutting the quality education endeavor and rendering it obsolete on a daily basis.
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