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...easure of entropy is zero because the expected result can be predicted with absolute certainty. The coin always shows heads. Meanwhile, the measure of entropy for the toss of a coin manipulated to make heads more likely than tails, or vice versa, exceeds the entropy for a double-sided coin toss, since the new coin has two possible outcomes. However, the measure of entropy for a fair coin toss exceeds that of the manipulated coin toss, even though they share the same number of possible outcomes (heads, tails), because the equal likelihood that the results will turn up heads or tails for the fair coin adds an extra degree of uncertainty. Thus, in information theory, the measure of entropy increases as the number of possible outcomes increase, but decreases if the probabilities skew expectations in favor one possible outcome occurring over the others.
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