Puritanism and the American Great Awakening of the 18th century
The Great Awakening refers to the period of religious restoration that spanned across the 18th century. During that period, there was increased enthusiasm towards religious beliefs caused by evangelical ministries that protested against the early Roman Catholic Church and repressive colonial regime (Tracey 18). As a result, there was deep conviction and revival for the affected groups with a boom in church membership. The First Great Awakening is reported to have occurred between 1730s and 1760s leading to the growth of religious movements that constructed America’s national identity during the colonial era. This piece of work is aimed at examining the role of religion in colonial America.
2.0 Puritanism in the 17th century
The development of Puritanism in the 17th century together with the 18th century Great Awakening influenced the revolution of America greatly. Puritans had left England in the early 17th century to seek for refuge in America in fear of being persecuted following their faith that contravened the beliefs of the English government of the day (Cragg 3). What’s more, they shifted to America with the zeal to develop a society that was habitable. Puritans first occupied New England and preached their beliefs that disagreements in the society were caused by political, economic, and religious divergence. The Puritans strongly believed that the Church of England was the true church though they acknowledged that it required many transformations. Puritans believed that aggrieved God was powerful and disastrous and could bring destruction to humankind (Kang 150). What is more, Puritans cited repressive monarchies as being opposed to the will o...
... middle of paper ...
... 2006.Web.24th February, 2014.
Conforti, Joseph. Jonathan Edwards, Religious Tradition, and American Culture.UNC Press Books (1995):1-50.
Cragg, Gerald. Puritanism in the Period of the Great Persecution 1660-1688. Cambridge University Press, p.1-25, 2011. Web. 26th February 2014.
Kang, Ning. Puritanism and Its Impact upon American Values. Review of European studies.1.2 (2009):148-152.
Kopel, David. The Religious Roots of the American Revolution and the Right to Keep and Bear Arms (n.d):1-16. Web. 24th February, 2014.
Tracey, Joseph. The Great Awakening. A history of the revival of religion in the time of Edwards and Whitefield. Weston Rhyn. Quinta press, v2.qxp (2008):1-436.
Yoon, Young .The Spread of Anti-slavery Sentiment through Proslavery Tracts in the Transatlantic Evangelical Community, 1740s–1770s.Church History 81.2 (2012): 348–377. Web. 26th February, 2014.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Great Awakening was a revivalist movement within Europe and the American colonies which forever changed Protestantism. Focusing within the British Colonies, the Great Awakening introduced religious and social changes in the 1730s into the American Revolution. The sudden and rapid awakening questioned colonists’ relationship with God and pinned people against each other over the answer. Many people accepted and encouraged the revivalist movement for its emotional connection with God while others denounced the shift as enthusiasm.... [tags: Religion, Christianity, First Great Awakening]
1669 words (4.8 pages)
- THE FIRST GREAT AWAKENING The First Great Awakening was an extremely important religious revival that moved through the American colonies. This spiritual revival took place in the American colonies around 1730 to 1760. The First Great Awakening was able to gain a lot of momentum because of the influential preaching that taught the citizens of these colonies that the only way to salvation was by accepting Jesus Christ as their Savior. Many of the colonists believed that they lived proper and just lives by attending church and doing good deeds.... [tags: Christianity, First Great Awakening]
1558 words (4.5 pages)
- 1) Jonathan Edwards delivered this sermon during the first Great Awakening, a time of religious revival in Europe and America. During the Great Awakening, christianity shifted its focus from ceremonies and rituals, and began to realign itself with introspection to encourage fostering a deep sense of morality and redemption. Edwards was a key preacher and minister that delivered many sermons preaching about revival and reformed theology. 2) Edwards sermon was directed towards non believers and those have turned away from the light of god, and in his words “sinners.” And while describing the fiery wrath of the “Angry God,” Edwards states, “The use of this awful subject may be for awakening un... [tags: Christianity, Fear, First Great Awakening]
881 words (2.5 pages)
- “Walking with God is like a spiritual roller coaster.” Statements like this unrealistically express the experience people have in the “highs and lows” of a particular religious relationship. In fact, evangelism does not decline. Perhaps it levels out for a period of time, but eventually it continues to progress in swift, expansive phases (Worrell 4). When a civilization experiences an amount of time in religious staleness, it is imminent that it will, in time, intensify into what is generally referred to as an awakening (4).... [tags: Religion, The Great Awakening]
928 words (2.7 pages)
- In the early 1700's spiritual revivalism spread rapidly through the colonies. This led to colonists changing their beliefs on religion. The great awakening was the level to which the revivalism spread through the colonists. Even with this, there was still religious revivalism in the colonies. One major reason for the Great Awakening was that it was not too long before the revolution. The great awakening is reason to believe that William G Mcloughlin's opinion and this shows that there was a cause to the American Revolution.... [tags: Essays on American Revolution]
924 words (2.6 pages)
- The American colonies began at Jamestown. However New England, a few colonies North would develop into the intellectual hub of the early United States. Cities like New York and Boston and Universities like Harvard and Yale were built by Calvinists; specifically the Pilgrims and the Puritans. Their sober, “City on a Hill” community would set the cultural and religious tone of early American society. However, the American Revolution and Great Awakening would eventually counter the dry and submissive attitudes of the Puritans with an individualistic and idealistic fervor that would spawn an entirely new religious movement, one based around the individual, a positive connection to nature, and so... [tags: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Transcendentalism]
1793 words (5.1 pages)
- The Great Awakening was a major influence on what caused and led up to the American Revolution. The colonies’ newly -formed democratic views and religious mind set were the two main factors of the Great Awakening and the colonies’ unity to start the American Revolution. The Great Awakening prepared colonists for what was to come forty years later. The Great Awakening (1735 - 1765) formed a new government for the colonists in America and beliefs of “natural rights” conquered the minds of a large percentage of the population.... [tags: Essays on American Revolution]
289 words (0.8 pages)
- In the 1830's, 1840's, and beyond, There is a Second Great Awakening. The Second Great Awakening had a decided impact on American society. In the following I will describe what the Great Awakening was and how it changed life in America. In essence, the Great Awakening was a religious awakening. It started in the South. Tent camps were set up that revolve around high spirited meetings that would last for days. These camp meetings were highly emotional and multitudes of people were filled with the Spirit of God.... [tags: American History]
542 words (1.5 pages)
- The Great Awakening was when religion was sweeping throughout New England with more conversions and church membership. This spiritual awakening took place from 1735 up until 1745. (Brief Outline Notes on the Great Awakening, 1735-45 ) Most of this had taken place within the American Colonies, especially New England.(McCormick, pars. 9) . The Great Awakening had many causes, however the consequences benefitted many. Many people were moving farther and farther away from religion, the Great Awakening was a revitalization that had tried to change that.... [tags: American History]
910 words (2.6 pages)
- By the beginning of the 18th century, there was an unmistakable feeling in the American Colonies that its intemperate society had become too comfortable and assertive, and had forgotten its original intentions of religious prosperity. The result was a revitalization of religious piety that swept through the American colonies between the 1730s and the 1770s, a movement known as "The Great Awakening". This revival was part of an evangelical upsurge occurring simultaneously in England, Scotland, Germany, and other inhabitants on the other side of the Atlantic.... [tags: American History]
1439 words (4.1 pages)