The first function given for prison, punishment, has always seemed to have the least force. Setting aside the dubious civility of a society which seeks revenge upon its citizenry, is spending £30,000 a year on keeping someone in prison when most prisoners really hurting them, or us? (1) Rehabilitation, a far more worthy aim, is chronically underfunded and ultimately useless in a system which is often referred to as a “university of crime”, where young impressionable offenders quickly pick up new skills from veteran prisoners and criminals and escalate their offences when they are released. Which leaves the protection of the public as the remaining reason, and the reason that prisons came about in the first place. Imprisoning those who threaten others seems slightly more justifiable. But this has to be balanced with the human rights of those convicted of crimes themselves – can we justify the imprisonment of such people? Does our society ultimately benefit from keeping people away under lock and key?
In 1993, the psychologist Terrie Moffett published a paper in the Psychological Review that argued that there were two fundamental types ...
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...ociety that its citizens feel safe and protected from those who would do them harm. People who kill, rape, steal, assault and engage in other anti-social behaviour are causing us as individuals and as a community harm and need to be dealt with. We need evidence-based solutions to tackle the problems that leads people to commit crime. But is prison really effective at this? Can prison deal with poverty, drug addiction, racism, patriarchy, social breakdown, senses of insecurity, resentment, or entitlement? Unlikely. Perhaps prisons “work” to give us a sense of satisfaction that something has been done – but do prisons “work” to create a safer, more secure society that protects its citizens, prevents crime, and rehabilitates those citizens who find themselves on the wrong side of the law? The evidence would suggest that as a society we have got our definition very wrong.
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- For the past hundreds of years, the living conditions of our society have changed dramatically. With the help of many activists, U.S. citizens have become liberated and powerful enough to stop and revise unfair and cruel institutions. For example, about a 150 years ago the puritans used flogging as method of punishment. It was a quick and painful punishment that instilled fear among the people. As people became more privileged with the freedom of speech many complaints had been sent to congress that it was inhumane and cruel.... [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Punishment]
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- First of all, Foucault has addressed the movement of violent historical punishment to the emergence of the modern form of the prison as punishment in several different ways. He focuses on the use of discipline as well as surveillance which in modern society is used frequently. He ventures away from the thoughts of previous theorists in regards to class struggle in relation to punishment. Foucault’s states that there is a shift in the mode of punishment that occurs around 1750-1820. This is where he sees that punishment has shifted to be viewed in a more qualitative way as well as, punishment is now in place to target the soul of the offender.... [tags: Criminal justice, Prison, Punishment, Sociology]
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- Reform vs. Punishment For many years, there have been a huge debate on the ideal of reform versus punishment. Many of these debates consist of the treatment and conditioning of individuals serving time in prison. Should prison facilities be a place solely to derogate freewill and punish prisoners as a design ideology of deterrence. Should prison facilities be design for rehabilitation and conditioning, aim to educate prisoners to integrate back into society. Punishment is reserved to those who have committed a transgression, a dominant and common response to injustices upon a victim (Okimoto and Weznzel 2008 p.346).... [tags: Prison, Penology, Recidivism, Punishment]
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1504 words (4.3 pages)
- Introduction I believe that life in prison have better retribution than capital punishment. Whomever should serve the term of life in prison, the punishment should be swift, severe, and certain. Someone that is on death row delivers less information on the circumstances of the crime and cost more. Life in prison provides more information and allows more resources to be invested into solving and preventing other crimes. People that are on death row gets a quick death without real benefits. “Sanctions for criminal behavior tended to be public events which were designed to shame the person and deter others” (History of the prison system, 2015).... [tags: Prison, Penology, Capital punishment]
1656 words (4.7 pages)
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- Please refer to my below emails, which have been sent to & received my NOMS in recent months. I would firstly like to thank your organisation for seeing that my step-father: Stephen Chambers- Prisoner Number: A6333DK received the books in question. Secondly, I am sincerely grateful that I have seen evidence of accountability in the Prison system from NOMS; I must admit I had felt that I had reached a brick wall that was not penetrable. Unfortunately however, I am saddened to say, that despite my previous emails of concern; the problems at Wandsworth Prison are more worrying that I had previously thought.... [tags: Prison, The Prisoner, Wandsworth, Wandsworth]
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1343 words (3.8 pages)