The origin of the public policy defines the cultural and social welfare of the United States and the actions taken by the government. The term public policy is used to define a collection of laws, mandates, or regulations, established through a political process (Shea, Green, & Smith, 2011). The policymaking process involves several stages from inception to conclusion. However, the inauguration of public policies are originated from the interests of the public. As a method to organize the efforts set forth by the government, public policy compartmentalizes particular issues based on its purpose; categorized as distribution, regulation, and redistribution. Public policy affects every citizen in numerous ways, some of which are familiar and some unpredicted.
Leading up to a policy issue becoming defined or adopted, a presence of public concern must be perceived. Moral and ideological perspectives play a significant role during the perception stage due to how the different perspectives of issues and concerns are viewed and defined. For example, the social phenomenon of gay rights might be viewed by people of different moral values through the use of the media, interest groups, and citizen initiatives. Due to the contrasting opinions of the two groups, different formulations of the issue will result, ultimately making it to the policy agenda. Ideological and interest groups compete to broaden the agenda to include their issues or to narrow it by excluding issues that they do not want to be considered. Particular groups may be elected officials, bureaucrats responsible for policy administration, or public interest groups (Shea, Green, & Smith, 2011). Policies are implemented through money spent, laws enforced, ...
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Policymaking calls on political resources, economic conditions, popular cultural attitudes, and international conditions. Citizens can help influence public policy by compiling substantial data that shows that certain problems in society exist and practicing various pathways to expose those problems. Public opinion, elections, political protests, and establishing interests, are a few common pathways geared towards voicing the interests and concerns of the American people (Shea, Green, & Smith, 2011). While the policymaking process consists of numerous and monotonous stages, its inception is derived from public concern; American citizens. The framers intended the purpose of policies to provide and protect every citizen, regardless of the policy type. Distributive, redistributive, and regulatory policies help manage the diversity and melting pot that is America.
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