Public Land Management And Development Of Transportation Infrastructure, Regional Competitiveness, And The Wilderness Act Of 1964

Public Land Management And Development Of Transportation Infrastructure, Regional Competitiveness, And The Wilderness Act Of 1964

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For the past half century, debates over public land management have intensified among scholars, planners, and policy makers. At the root of these debates is a question about the role of public lands in providing economic benefits to local households within nearby “gateway” communities. Traditionally, resource extraction firms within mineral, oil, coal, and timber development sectors have dominated the boom and bust economics of these gateway communities. However, these particular types of economies has undergone a dramatic transition in economic and demographic structure since the 1950s. As a result, resource extraction and primary manufacturing sectors substantially influencing employment and income levels in the gateway communities have declined, while services and information technology sectors have grown dramatically. And this transition was fueled by development of transportation infrastructure, regional competitiveness, and globalization (Rasker, 1994).
Along with this economic transition, several federal land use policies such as the Multiple-Use Sustained-Yield Act of 1960 (Public Law 86-517) and the Wilderness Act of 1964 (Public Law 88-577) have begun to restrict traditional economic uses of public lands (Duffy-Deno, 1998; Rasker, 1994) because resource extractive dominant use policy was substantially criticized due to their increasing negative impacts on environments (Kurtz, 2010; Mansfield, 1993). Alternatively, the concept of multifunctional use of public lands that encompasses joint production of multiple outputs from the same places without any loss of environments have gained growing attention. The basic idea of the multifuctionality is to utilize natural amenities from the public lands to encourage outdoor recrea...

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...nd income inequality should provide important policy implications for balanced and sustainable economic development (i.e., meet the economic, social and environmental aspects) in gateway communities.
The rest of this paper is organized as follows. In the next section, I review the previous studies regarding economic restructuring and income distribution in gateway communities. In section 3, I summarize methods applied to the problem. In particular, I will develop spatial panel models to investigate factors affecting income distribution in gateway communities with consideration of spatial spillover effects, and then explain a selection of the study area and measures of key variables, and describe data. In section 4, I present the empirical results and explain key findings. Finally, I discuss policy implications, limitations, and suggestions for the future research.

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