Public Health : Safe Drinking Water Essay

Public Health : Safe Drinking Water Essay

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Public Health
Safe Drinking Water
Bodies of water cover seventy-five percent of the world, yet water continues to be the
quickest depleting natural resource on our planet. Drinking water can be drawn from surface
fresh water or underground reservoirs. Yet only 1% of the water on the earth is available for
human use, the rest remains too salty, polluted, or is locked away in polar ice caps. One half of
the global population is currently faced with a crisis of water shortages. These shortages come
from poor sanitization, overuse by the agricultural industry and consumers, and the exploding
population growth in emerging markets. It is a growing issue of concern in the field of
Environmental Public Health heightening the need to spread awareness of the importance of the
global water supply and the strengthen the efforts being made to slow depletion, prevent
contamination and advance investment in purification technologies.
The growing concern of water safety stems from the availability of clean water sources.
Many substances that are in the soil can contaminate underground water sources. Industrial
pollutants and pesticides are often filtered through the soil and can end up in our drinking water
supplies. Another threat to the water supply is the risk of underground storage tanks of gas and
oil that may could leak creating contamination to a our water supply. In a study conducted by
U.S. Geological Survey, researchers detected low levels of various chemical compounds such as
steroids, hormones, pharmaceutical and personal care products, insect repellent, and wastewater
compounds in streams across the United States.
There are two main types of water pollution: point source and nonpoint source. Point
source pollut...


... middle of paper ...


...ncern over the amount of water used in this process as well the potential for
long term contamination of our already dwindling water sources.
As one of the most developed countries in the world, Americans should be able to run
water from the tap and feel it is safe enough to drink. Protecting our drinking water on a global
level is becoming a serious environmental threat to our public health. Drinking water sources can
easily be contaminated, from both point and nonpoint sources. Stricter regulation of the SWDA
is becoming more essential to this nation. As we come closer to the carrying capacity of the earth
we must be wary of the value to our water system. Many people believe natural gas is the
commodity that is the most at threat, but it is our water. Consumers and industries need to be
more mindful of their water usage for the future of water sustainability

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