Background on HPV and HPV Vaccine Development:
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer affecting woman worldwide; with approximately 500,000 new cases, diagnosed annually and around 270,000 deaths are attributed to cervical cancer itself (Descamps et al., 2009, p. 332). Research has actually shown that persistent infection with an oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) type is the necessary step in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer (Descamps et al., 2009, p. 332). There are more than 100 types of HPV viruses and there are 40 anogenital types and approximately 15 have an oncogenic origin (Schiffman & Castle, 2003).
The Human papilloma viruses (HPVs) are DNA viruses that infect the skin or mucosa (Fernandez, Allen, Mistry, & Ka...
... middle of paper ...
Sheris, J., Friedman, A., Wittet, S., Davies, P., Steben, M., & Saraiya, M. (2006). Chapter 25: Education, training, and communication for HPV vaccines . Retrieved from http://rho.org.whsites.net/files/Vaccine_24_S3_ch25.pdf
Stanleya, M., Lowy, D. R., & Frazer, L. (2006). Chapter 12: Prophylactic HPV vaccines: Underlying mechanisms. Retrieved from http://www.hu.ufsc.br/projeto_hpv/CAP%2012%20-%20VACINA%20MECANISMO.pdf
Thomas, T. L. (2008). The New Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine: Pro and Cons For Pediatric and Adolescent Health. Retrieved from http://www.nursing.emory.edu/_includes/docs/sections/aimhigh/Pediatric_Nursing.pdf
Zimmerman, R. K. (2006). Ethical analysis of HPV vaccine policy options. Retrieved from http://www.hu.ufsc.br/projeto_hpv/Ethical%20analysis%20of%20HPV%20vaccine%20policy%20options.pdf
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Critical Appraisal of a Quantitative Research Article Introduction The title of the research article being critically appraised is “School Nurses’ Knowledge, Attitudes, Perceptions of Role as Opinion Leader, and Professional Practice of Regarding Human Papillomavirus Vaccine for Youth” by Rosen, Goodson, Thompson, and Wilson (2015). The length of the title is appropriate, easy to comprehend and explains exactly what the main idea of the study will be. The study used a cross-sectional design by instating members of the National Association of School Nurses (Rosen, Goodson, Thompson & Wilson, 2015).... [tags: HPV vaccine, Human papillomavirus, Public health]
1037 words (3 pages)
- The “Sex” Vaccine Most people know what vaccines are and have received them during our childhood years; but past that knowledge, most people do not think much about vaccines until we have children of our own. Some parents are more skeptical than others on the topic of vaccinations, but most parents choose this preventative measure in protecting their children from harmful diseases. However, in the case of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, there is quite a controversy as to if it is appropriate to administer the vaccine to pre-teen to teenage children.... [tags: Human papillomavirus, HPV vaccine, Cervical cancer]
1238 words (3.5 pages)
- For Protection of All Girls Infection by human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States affecting 20 millions of Americans at age of 16 to 24 years old. Men and women get in contact with HPV when they engage in any kind of sexual relation such as vaginal, oral, or anal intercourse because HPV spreads through skin to skin contact. The HPV infection is asymptomatic, and without medical treatment, may result in cancer including vulvar, penile, and oropharyngeal cancer.... [tags: HPV vaccine, Human papillomavirus, Cervical cancer]
1110 words (3.2 pages)
- Human Papillomavirus has been tested by several medical professions, and laboratory scientist in the United States. They have been investigating the target areas where the Human Papillomavirus has bend most common, and also they have been looking at the places where it is least common. The reason why they are looking into the people who are in the areas where there is least common because the scientist and researchers are seeing what preventive methods are using. This way they can promote and see how there is more ways of preventing the spread of the disease.... [tags: Human papillomavirus, HPV vaccine, Cancer]
1057 words (3 pages)
- If you could help protect yourself against cancer with a vaccine would you get that vaccine. HPV short for Human Papillomavirus is a virus that affects a widespread of people. HPV can cause cervical cancer, vaginal cancer, and vulvar cancer, in females. It can cause anal cancer in both males and females along with genital warts. Twenty four million Americans are estimated to be infected with the HPV virus. This virus is transmitted through genital-to-genital contact not only sexual intercourse. Symptoms of the HPV virus can be latent.... [tags: Human papillomavirus, HPV vaccine]
1789 words (5.1 pages)
- Vaccine (vaccination) is an immunization that helps fight off infectious pathogens such as viruses and bacteria. One vaccine that Americans receive is the influenza vaccine. It is stated that 20,000 Americans receive this vaccine every year. Everyone from infants to seniors should be vaccinated each year. People with Guillairr Barr syndrome, one who has had an allergic reaction to a dose of vaccine, people who are allergic to eggs (eggs are made in the vaccines), and a baby younger than 6 months, are the ONLY ones who can’t and are unable to receive the influenza vaccine.... [tags: Vaccine, Vaccination, Immune system]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- Even as recently as twenty years ago doctors quietly implemented new medical initiatives without much feedback from the public. Presently, the ubiquity of the internet means that new ideas are likely to be dissected in depth. For example, when the administration of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine first became mandatory in several states, social discourse bled into all media formats where doctors, parents, and health care advocates all had an opinion to share. Even when two people agreed, they may have agreed for different reasons, and used different methods to communicate their views.... [tags: HPV vaccine, Human papillomavirus, Vaccination]
1003 words (2.9 pages)
- Unlike today’s society, people that lived during the 19th century had no protection against infectious diseases due to the lack of research and discoveries in the field of immunizations. However, when the 20th century arrived, Alexander Fleming revolutionized the medical world through the discovery of penicillin in 1928. Although penicillin managed to repel various diseases, it would not protect the world from future diseases. In addition, vaccines are meant to protect us from diseases like influenza, and chicken pox, but they also have life altering risks; therefore, vaccines should be encouraged but not required for school age children.... [tags: infectious disease, human papillomavirus]
710 words (2 pages)
- In the United States, for many years vaccine was developed to prevent disease such as smallpox and later control the spread of rubella, and polio as well as various diseases. Vaccination as played an intricate role in public health efforts to prevent illness and combat diseases. However, as time changes, so does societal views. Many people have negative assumption about vaccination, and do not view it as a human rights issue, which mandates everyone to be given the same vaccination to prevent sickness and diseases.... [tags: Human papillomavirus, HPV vaccine]
1029 words (2.9 pages)
- The Human Papillomavirus is known to be just one of the few illnesses one can contract while having a sexual relationship with a person. The severity of the virus in the body may vary from getting genital warts to contracting cervical, vulva, vaginal and anus cancer in women; anus and penile cancer for men. Many pharmaceutical companies have been racing one another in concocting possible countermeasures in preventing people from contracting these very dangerous diseases. I personally have watched the news regarding updates on cures and vaccines, especially the debates by government officials about the credibility of these vaccines and how should it be distributed to the public.... [tags: Sexually Transmitted Diseases]
743 words (2.1 pages)