Essay Psychosocial Aspects of Bullies and Victims

Essay Psychosocial Aspects of Bullies and Victims

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Summary
This article investigates the psychosocial adjustment of bullies, victims, bully/victims, and a control group of adolescents unaffected by violence. Indicators of adjustment were self-esteem, symptoms of depression, stress, loneliness and satisfaction with their life. 1,319 adolescents from seven state schools in Spain were given self assessment inventories in these five categories. ANOVAs revealed the bullies were similar to the control group in self-esteem, lack of depression and loneliness, but were similar to victims and victim/bullies regarding higher stress and lower satisfaction with life. Victims scored highest regarding loneliness. Victim/bullies were similar to victims in self-esteem, satisfaction with life and stress, but were slightly lower in depression and loneliness.
Analysis of Author's Key Points
The purpose was to understand the psychosocial adjustment of adolescent bullies, victims, and bully/victims, compared to those unaffected by violence. This latter control group showed the greatest overall adjustment, followed by the bullies. The authors al...

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