Essay about Psychology And Understanding Human Behavior

Essay about Psychology And Understanding Human Behavior

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There have been many theorist in psychology such as Erik Erickson, Gordon Allport, and Raymond Cattell, among others. They have all made significant contributions to psychology and understanding human behavior. However, two theorist have distinguished themselves over the rest of them. Sigmund Freud is known as the father of psychoanalysis. He developed numerous theories to facilitate the understanding of the different stages humans go through. As well as Freud, Karen Horney also created her own theories. Her theories were relatively similar to Freud’s, however, they also have their differences. It is essential to have general knowledge of their background and to understand both of their theories before we begin contrasting them.
It is known that the matter of psychoanalysis is the conflict of human behavior. The theories developed are essentially to help resolve these mental conflicts beginning with their origin. A conflict between Horney and Freud was female sexuality. Their outlook on this matter was extremely different. Based on the previous research that has been done, my assumption is that the ideas are similar between all theorists, it is explanation of these ideas that causes the controversy.
Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg, Moravia in 1856. He was raised into a Jewish family. He attended the University of Vienna and initially began studying medicine. Throughout his practice, he encountered a number of patients who suffered from hysteria and anxiety. He was intrigued by this behavior and initiated his exploration in order to find an explanation to this disorder. Sigmund Freud was the first to examine the human mind more efficiently than any other theorist before him. His contributions to psychology and psychoanalysis a...


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...r way of teaching. It also presented different views from Sigmund Freud, who declared that neuroses is generated through universal impulsive factors and essentially an absence of sex (nature).
Freud suggested that women acquire self-doubt and insecurities about their gender. He stated that women, in general, would rather be a male because of the anatomy differences. Horney, however, concluded the contrary. As a feminist, Horney stated that males suffered from jealousy of the female body. Her explanation to this theory, is that essentially, females are smarted than males. Although she did believe different from Freud, Horney does agree with him in one theory. She does believe women envy men, known as the “penis envy”, but does not believe it was because of the male anatomy. The reason Horney believe this theory is true is because of the hieratical status in society.

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Psychology And Understanding Human Behavior Essay

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