Essay on Psychology and the Law

Essay on Psychology and the Law

Length: 1409 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

This paper answers the questions presented below:

Discuss the case of Arizona v. Clark (2006) and how it affected the insanity defense.
Describe the best interests of the child standard.
What innovations have states introduced to ease the trauma of testifying by a child who has been a victim of sexual abuse? What has been the Supreme Court’s reaction to different innovations?
Describe the role of the forensic psychologist when a trial attorney seeks a change of venue because of adverse pretrial publicity.
What is involved in a competency evaluation in a death penalty case?

1. Discuss the case of Arizona v. Clark (2006) and how it affected the insanity defense.
This case involved seventeen year old Eric Clark who shot and killed Officer Jeffrey Moritz who responded to a complaint early in the morning about a loud noise in the neighborhood, the noise was reported that it came from a certain pickup truck. When Officer Moritz ran upon the truck that was reported as making loud noise, he turn on his siren and emergency flashers for the truck to stop. When Officer Moritz walked up to the car he asked the driver which was Eric Clark to remain in the car, but as it seems Clark did not adhere to what Officer Moritz request of him, instead Clark shot Officer Moritz to death and flee the scene on foot, but backup was already requested by Officer Moritz. Although Clark fled the scene he was found and arrested later that day and his hands still had the residue of gun-powder on them. The gun that was used to kill Officer Moritz was found in a hat not too far from where they picked Clark up from (2009, pg. 113).
Clark went to court he was found guilty and was convicted of murder, he receive a sentence of life ...

... middle of paper ...

...n, the history of his parents are crucial as well and it should reflect back to the moment he/she was born. Any information that pertains to the defendant should be gathered. Along with everything else psychological tests should be ordered on the defendant. While these tests are being administered to the defendant to see if he/she is competent enough to for the death penalty there should be no rock left unturned so to speak. So when forensic psychologists performs competency evaluations they are looking for information that will either prevent the defendant from the death penalty or they will find information that will allow the defendant to be sentenced with the death penalty (2009, pgs. 364-365).

Fulero, S., and Wrightsman, L. (2009). Forensic psychology. (3rd Ed.). Pgs. 113, 191-192,
205, 280, and 364-365. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Forensic Psychology Deals with Both Law and Psychology Essay

- ... The field itself is a specialty of psychology, yet the domain has several specialties within it. Which consist of: Correctional Criminal /Legal, and Juvenile psychologies (APA). Each subspecialty requires the forensic psychologist’s evaluations, profiling, counseling, and overall knowledge of the field. In criminal (or legal) psychology, the forensic psychologist has several different roles. The psychologist contributes to investigations criminal behavior by profiling and similar techniques....   [tags: legal, justice system, criminal]

Powerful Essays
626 words (1.8 pages)

What Do Law Enforcement And Cognitive Psychology? Essay

- What do law enforcement and cognitive psychology have in common. At first glance, some may say nothing; in reality, psychology and the law are complementary forces. Forensic psychologists are constantly testing and implementing new techniques for the field of law enforcement, based on some of the most basic principles of cognition. The cognitive interview (CI) is one of these techniques. The CI is a method of forensic interrogation, based on tenets of human cognition, designed to maximize the recall of events and minimize infiltrating false information....   [tags: Psychology, Cognition, Memory]

Powerful Essays
846 words (2.4 pages)

My Chosen Major Is Psychology And Pre Law Essay

- My chosen major is Psychology and Pre-Law. Psychology is defined as the study of the mind and behavior and how someone or a group of people think. I chose Psychology because during my middle school and high school years, I always studied how people would act and was always able to identify certain events or actions that trigger someone 's emotions or behavior to change. Most of the people I used to study was the people I had class with because most of them I saw every day and known them throughout my middle and high school years....   [tags: High school, Emotion, Psychology, Academic degree]

Powerful Essays
727 words (2.1 pages)

Cognitive Psychology And The Legal System Essay

- Cognitive psychology is deeply rooted in our legal system and forms the element or standard of almost all crimes and civil misconduct. An understanding of psychology, in particular cognitive psychology, aids jurors, attorneys, defendants, prosecutors, and judges in the process of the legal system specially where adjudicating guilt or liability. In addition, cognitive psychology comes into play where the legal system relies on witness testimony when adjudicating a case. Knowledge of how long-term memory works is crucial to structuring the process of a trial, especially in terms of how soon after an incident a trial can be held or what witnesses are reliable or not....   [tags: Psychology, Memory, Common law]

Powerful Essays
1006 words (2.9 pages)

Legal, Ethical And Professional Issues Essay

- “Legal, Ethical and Professional Issues” (Chapter 15) is an interesting chapter in the textbook “Abnormal Psychology.” Just like the name of the chapter, it helps understand legal, ethical, and professional issues related to the practice of psychology. This is very important because by offering service a psychologist is responsible for the people that are under his or her care, that even goes for people participating for research. Psychologist have authority to practice in their area of expertise, using methods that are not harmful to their recipients and “ that preferably have a strong scientific basis” and never doing treatments that are unorthodox and will put their patients health and sa...   [tags: Psychology, Clinical psychology, Law]

Powerful Essays
758 words (2.2 pages)

Persuasive Essay : Court Room And Floor

- Courthouse Paper There was a plethora of things running through my head as I parked and walked up to the courthouse on Tuesday October 11th such as, was there going to be fancy lawyers and scary criminals. Am I going to be the only one watching if there is not a jury. Am I going to stand out. All of these questions going through my head were making me uneasy but I first became nervous and intimated as I approached the (way bigger than expected) building. I was expecting there to be someone right as I walked in, like a secretary, checking people in and telling them where to go....   [tags: Law, Judge, Question, Psychology]

Powerful Essays
915 words (2.6 pages)

The Social Need for Forensic Psychology Essay

- The social need for Forensic Psychology arose from the need for expert testimony in a court of law. After Stern’s discoveries, psychologists began appearing more and more often in courts (Tartakovsky, 2011). The first instance was in Germany, when a defense attorney asked a psychologist Hugo Munsterberg to review a case in which his client confessed to murder, but then changed his mind and claimed that he was not guilty (Tartakovsky, 2011). The judge, after hearing Munsterberg’s opinion, however, was furious that Munsterberg thought that he had expertise in the case, and refused to believe in his assessment, and the man was found guilty and hung (Tartakovsky, 2011)....   [tags: expert testimony in a court of law]

Powerful Essays
1346 words (3.8 pages)

Essay about Psychology : The Practice Of Psychology

- Tranard J. Harvin Dr. Bagasra Cross Cultural Psychology December 1, 2015 The Practice of Psychology in Japan Cross-Cultural research has significantly furthered the understanding of concepts that deal with self and intelligence as it relates to the intertwining of cultures all across the globe. This understanding continues to evolve as these researchers work towards the common goal of psychology as a science. In Japan the development of psychology has posed on the opposite side of the spectrum of psychological development that has been ideal in most western countries....   [tags: Psychology, Developmental psychology]

Powerful Essays
942 words (2.7 pages)

Criminal Psychology, And Forensic Psychology Essay

- he profession I chose as my interest is Criminal Psychology, which has also been called, Law Psychology, and Forensic Psychology. The reason I have chosen this specific field is because I have always found it to be fascinating, but also because of certain events that have taken place in my life from an early age. I know this career path is not an easy one, and a lot of the details have been glorified in TV shows, but the general idea of combing my knowledge in Psychology and Criminal Justice opens many doors in my future....   [tags: Crime, Police, Psychology, Applied psychology]

Powerful Essays
1376 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Police Discretion

- Police Discretion Discretion, uncertainly, and inefficiently are rampant and essential in criminal justice. Nobody expects perfection. That would neither be good nor fair. Justice is a sporting event in which playing fair is more important than winning. Law enactment, enforcement, and administration all involve trading off the possibility of perfect outcomes for security against the worst outcomes. Policing is the most visible part of this: employees on the bottom have more discretion than employees on the top....   [tags: Law Enforcement Discretion Psychology Essays]

Powerful Essays
1423 words (4.1 pages)